Bricks and mortar are common building materials and without them the building would fail to fulfil its purpose. Alternative building materials have become more acceptable and desirable for modern residents. The use of alternative materials in construction is analogous to eLearning as a radical innovation in the education process. In this paper, the design and effective delivery of eLearning in Built Environment programmes (distance learning) is examined. Its purpose is to enhance student progression while decreasing attrition. The basic design components of an eLearning environment are presented and evaluated through findings from a mixed-method study. We find that students who take up components of eLearning are more aligned with their progression goals than those who do not. An area for further study has been identified as the portability of content on mobile devices.
Built environment, eLearning, radical innovation, progression, eLearning components
The aim of this empirical research is to investigate the influence of extrinsic experiential value on customer participation in value co-creation behaviour in hypermarkets. Data were collected from 800 customers of four top hypermarkets in Malaysia. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), an analytical technique, was used to analyse the data. Findings indicate that extrinsic experiential value has a positive impact on customer information seeking behaviour, information sharing behaviour, and personal interaction behaviour. The study concludes that in order to develop customer participation in value co-creation behaviour, hypermarkets should provide high extrinsic experiential value in terms of service excellence and high returns on investment. This will influence customer behaviour and engage them to co-create value which is not only beneficial for customers but also for the hypermarkets to gain competitive advantage.
Value co-creation, service-dominant logic, experiential value, retailing, Malaysia
The automobile industry in Malaysia is facing increasing competition from foreign makes. Local automobile manufacturers, namely Perodua and Proton, are thus losing their market share. With such rapid decline in sales, it is important to ascertain the needs of customers in determining the predictors of repurchase intention of vehicles. This research seeks to examine the mediating role of customer satisfaction and to investigate the relationship of perceived service quality, product quality, price fairness, satisfaction, and repurchase intention. Multistage cluster sampling method was employed first in the Klang Valley before extending to a few selected authorized service centres. 200 samples were collected and data was analysed using SMART PLS 2.0 to build and assess the structural equation model of the relationships between the constructs. The results show that perceived service quality has no significant relationship with repurchase intention. However, perceived product quality, perceived price fairness and customer satisfaction are important factors that influence customers' repurchase intention. Customer satisfaction also mediates the relationship between perceived product quality and perceived price fairness towards repurchase intention.
Automobiles, customer satisfaction, repurchase intention, service quality, product quality, price fairness, loyalty, Malaysia
Instructional videos have been successfully used to teach mathematical concepts to distance students. These videos allow the students to see and hear their lecturer with an added advantage of being able to stop and rewind or replay until the concept is understood. While videos facilitate student understanding, formative assessment provides both lecturer and student with an indication of the latter's mastery of a mathematical concept. Formative assessment with handwritten feedback is viewed as preferential because changing university culture means few academics have the time to provide comprehensive handwritten feedback to large numbers of students for every concept. Further, for this feedback to be useful it needs to be delivered to the student in a timely manner. The ability to provide instant feedback is one of the major advantages of online quizzes using multiple choice questions (MCQs). There are mixed attitudes towards MCQs within academia. For each attribute of MCQs, research can be found to both support and condemn it. Feedback from MCQs is undoubtedly fast but is it effective? Using video enhanced feedback for online quizzes may provide the best of both worlds.
Inquiry-based instruction is a student-centred approach that can enhance students' confidence, understanding, and academic performance in learning. This study seeks empirical evidence on the effect of Inquiry-Based Instruction on Active Learning and involves a sample of 147 undergraduate students in an institution of higher learning in Malaysia. Confirmatory Factor Analysis confirmed the second-order factor model of Inquiry-Based Instruction which consists of three latent constructs. On the other hand, the Active Learning construct was also represented as a second-order factor model with three latent constructs (Learning Obligation, Learning Effort and Learning Collaboration). Overall, Structural Equation Modeling results provided statistical evidence that Inquiry- Based Instruction has a strong, positive and significant effect on Active Learning in higher education.
Inquiry-based instruction, active learning, higher education, structural equation modelling
Student understanding and competency in probability have been investigated from different perspectives. Competency is often measured in the form of tests. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether perceived understanding and competency can be calibrated and assessed together using Rasch measurement tools. The study comprised 44 students who enrolled in the STAT131 Understanding Uncertainty and Variation course at University of Wollongong, Australia. Their voluntary participation in the study was through the e-learning Moodle platform where tests and assessment were administered online. Data were analysed using the Rasch measurement models. The study revealed majority of the students had little understanding about conditional and independent events prior to learning them but tended to demonstrate a slightly higher competency level afterward. Based on the Rasch map, there is an indication of some increase in learning and knowledge about probability concepts at the end of the two weeks lesson.
Perceived understanding, competency, probability concepts, e-learning, Rasch measurement models
In Islam, all decisions, activities, policies, strategies and interactions in the economy are related to human relationships. In the Islamic financial system, the syariah rules are considered in all economic activities including investment. Investment is money or capital commitment for the purchase of financial instruments or other assets to gain benefits in the form of interest. Most investment opportunities are interest based but Islamic law strictly prohibits interest or usury, also called riba in Arabic. The prohibition of riba has led to the creation of alternatives schemes for the compensation of investment capital. One of the methods of compensation is by means of profit-sharing and one of the financial contracts that internalise profit sharing is mudharabah. It is an investment partnership in which one party called rab ul mal provides capital while the other party called mudharib brings labour and effort with the provision of profit sharing in some pre-determined proportions. This paper uses the model of stochastic mudharabah investment which can be used in forecasting the profits gain by both two parties in a stock market investment.
Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) is an approach introduced by Tukey. The aim is to obtain an in depth understanding of data using graphics. This contradicts the classical approach which uses statistical summaries such as mean and standard deviation among others. Skipping EDA in investigating data can jeopardise the validity and reliability of the results. In this study, we highlight the crucial role of EDA in electricity forecasting via line chart to understand the existence of the four-time series components i.e. trend, seasonal, irregular and cyclical. Daily electricity load for financial year 2002 to 2006 are used. The EDA showed irregular patterns identified in the line chart are not irregular components but moving seasonal components which require different techniques of forecasting.
Graphical, classical approach, time series components, line chart, moving seasonal
This paper uses a method based on multivariate power-normal distribution for predicting future gold prices in Malaysia. First let r(t) be the vector consisting of the month-t values of m selected macroeconomic variables, and gold price. The month-(t+1) gold price is then modelled to be dependent on the present and l-1 on past values r(t), r(t-1), …, r(t-l+1) via a conditional distribution which is derived from a [(m+1)l+1] -dimensional power-normal distribution. The mean of the conditional distribution is an estimate of the month- (t+1) gold price. Meanwhile, the 100(a/2)% and 100(1-a/2)% points of the conditional distribution can be used to form an out-of-sample prediction interval for the month-(t+1) gold price. For a given value of l, we select various combinations of m variables from a pool of 17 selected macroeconomic variables in Malaysia, and obtain the combinations of which the corresponding mean absolute percentage errors (MAPE) are relatively smaller while the coverage probabilities and average lengths of the prediction interval are still satisfactory. It is found that the parsimonious model is one of which l = 2, m = 1 and involving the macroeconomic variable derived from the Gross Domestic Product, Kuala Lumpur Composite Index or Import Trade.
Multivariate power-normal distribution, macroeconomic variables, prediction interval, parsimonious model
This paper investigates the potential relationship between longevity and parity among women. Mortality records from 2005 to 2014 were retrieved from the Health Statistics Unit of the Ministry of Health, Mauritius. Descriptive statistics and graphics were used to explain this relationship. A survival analysis was performed to investigate the risks of dying with respect to parity. While causality cannot be established due to the lack of potential confounding variables for mortality, the fitted Weighted Cox Regression model revealed a positive relationship between parity (above two children) and female lifespan. On the other hand, mothers having between one and two children were found to have lower survival probabilities compared with nulliparous females.
"Attitude is the key to success" is an age-old saying and widely used in education to indicate that attitude may lead towards academic success. This exploratory study aims to investigate emotional intelligence of university students' attitudes. The study involves a survey using self-administered questionnaire. The sample comprised 324 Malay undergraduate students studying at a university located in the East Coast of Malaysia. The emotional intelligence of undergraduate students was assessed using Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale (SEIS) while their attitude was evaluated using a Student Attitude Scale. Second order Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) model was implemented to test the factorial validity of the Emotional Intelligence and Student Attitude constructs. CFA results confirmed the four-factor structure of SEIS and three factor structure of Student Attitude scale. The Structural Equation Modeling results demonstrated that emotional intelligence has a weak positive effect on students' attitude.
This paper aims to examine the factors that influence SPM leavers [n=694] in their choices of university courses. Socio-economic and personality factors such as interest in work-related experience and ambivalence have been frequently cited as the main factors affecting students' career aspirations. Noting that the cost of tuition fees correlate strongly with the affordability of the course chosen, and taking into consideration the fact that the cost of enrolling in a public university is lower than in a private university, this study found no evidence to suggest any significant difference between the career aspirations of students studying in public and private universities. This study, found choice of university is dependent on gender (Chi-square =7.131, p=0.008), that is more female students (67.6%) prefer to attend a public university in contrast with males (55.7%). The study also found that the most important criterion in the decision making is the availability of scholarships.
career aspirations, career choice, gender difference, higher education, socio-economic status