INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS
Preparation & Submission Guide)
Revised: Dec 2018
Please read the Pertanika guidelines and
follow these instructions carefully. Manuscripts not adhering to the instructions will be
returned for revision without review. The Chief Executive Editor
reserves the right to return manuscripts that are not prepared in accordance
with these guidelines.
Pertanika accepts submission of mainly four
types of manuscripts for peer-review.
Regular articles are full-length original empirical investigations,
consisting of introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion,
conclusions. Original work must provide
references and an explanation on research findings that contain new and
Size: Generally, these are expected to be between
6 and 12 journal pages (excluding the abstract, references, tables and/or
figures), a maximum of 80 references, and an abstract of 100-200 words.
These report critical evaluation of materials about current research that
has already been published by organizing, integrating, and evaluating
previously published materials. It summarizes the status of knowledge and
outline future directions of research within the journal scope. Review articles
should aim to provide systemic overviews, evaluations and interpretations of
research in a given field. Re-analyses as meta-analysis and systemic reviews
are encouraged. The manuscript title must start with "Review
Size: These articles do not have an expected page limit or maximum number of
references, should include appropriate figures and/or tables, and an abstract
of 100-200 words. Ideally, a review article should be of 7 to 8 printed pages.
timely, peer-reviewed and brief. These are suitable for the publication of
significant technical advances and may be used to:
(a) report new developments, significant advances and novel
aspects of experimental and theoretical methods and techniques which are
relevant for scientific investigations within the journal scope;
(b) report/discuss on significant matters of policy and
perspective related to the science of the journal, including 'personal'
(c) disseminate information and data on topical events of
significant scientific and/or social interest within the scope of the journal.
manuscript title must start with "Brief
Size: These are usually between 2 and 4 journal pages and have a maximum of three
figures and/or tables, from 8 to 20 references, and an abstract length not
exceeding 100 words. Information
must be in short but complete form and it is not intended to publish
preliminary results or to be a reduced version of Regular or Rapid Papers.
Brief reports, case studies, comments, concept papers, Letters to the
Editor, and replies on previously published articles may be considered.
PLEASE NOTE: NO EXCEPTIONS WILL
BE MADE FOR PAGE LENGTH.
emphasizes on the linguistic accuracy
of every manuscript published. Articles must be
in English and they must be
competently written and argued in clear and concise grammatical English. Contributors are strongly advised to have the
manuscript checked by a colleague with ample experience in writing English
manuscripts or a competent English language editor.
poor manuscripts will be rejected straightaway before even the review process (e.g.,
when the language is so poor that one cannot be sure of what the authors really
The paper should be submitted in one column format
with at least 4cm margins and 1.5 line spacing throughout. Authors are advised
to use Times New Roman 12-point font and MS Word format.
Manuscripts in general should be organised in the following order:
Page 1: Running
This page should only contain the running title of
your paper. The running title is an abbreviated title used as the running head
on every page of the manuscript. The running title
should not exceed 60 characters, counting letters and spaces.
Page 2: Author(s)
and Corresponding author information.
This page should contain the full title of your paper not exceeding 25
words, with name(s) of all the authors, institutions and corresponding author's
name, institution and full address (Street address, telephone number (including
extension), hand phone number, and e-mail address) for editorial
correspondence. First and corresponding authors must be clearly indicated.
The names of the authors may be
abbreviated following the international naming convention. e.g. Abu Bakar Salleh1,
Son Guan Tan2*.,
and Salit Mohd Sapuan3. The last name will be taken as their surnames.
Authors' addresses. Multiple authors with different addresses
must indicate their respective addresses separately by superscript numbers:
Abbas Zarifi1 , Jayakaran Mukundan2
of English, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran
of Language and Humanities Education, Faculty of Language Studies, Universiti
Putra Malaysia, UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
A list of number of black and white / colour figures and
tables should also be indicated on this
page. Figures submitted in color will be printed in
colour. See "5. Figures & Photographs" for details.
This page should repeat the full title of your paper with only the Abstract (the abstract
should be less than 200 words for a Regular Paper and up to 100 words for a
Short Communication), and Keywords.
Keywords: Not more than eight keywords in alphabetical order must
be provided to describe the contents of the manuscript.
Page 4: Introduction
This page should begin with the Introduction of your article and followed
by the rest of your paper.
Regular Papers should be prepared with the headings Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, References,
and Supplementary data (if avavailble) in this order.
Equations and Formulae
These must be set up clearly and should be
typed double spaced. Numbers identifying
equations should be in square brackets and placed on the right margin of the
All tables should be prepared in a form
consistent with recent issues of Pertanika and should be numbered consecutively. Explanatory
material should be given in the table legends and footnotes. Each table should be prepared on a new page,
embedded in the manuscript.
manuscript is submitted for publication, tables must also be submitted separately
as data - .doc, .rtf, Excel or PowerPoint files- because tables submitted as image
data cannot be edited for publication and are usually in low-resolution.
5. Figures & Photographs
Submit an original figure or photograph. Line drawings must be clear, with high black and white contrast. Each figure or photograph should be prepared
on a new page, embedded in the manuscript for reviewing to keep the file of the
manuscript under 5 MB. These should be numbered consecutively with Roman
Figures or photographs must also be submitted separately as TIFF, JPEG, or Excel files-
because figures or photographs submitted in low-resolution embedded in the
manuscript cannot be accepted for publication. For electronic figures, create
your figures using applications that are capable of preparing
high resolution TIFF files. In general, we require 300 dpi or higher resolution for coloured and half-tone artwork, and 1200 dpi or higher for line
drawings are required.
Failure to comply with these specifications
will require new figures and delay in publication.
may be produced in colour at no extra cost at the discretion of the Publisher;
the author could be charged Malaysian Ringgit 50 for each colour page.
rules on Figures and Tables
· All Figures
and Tables should be numbered sequentially (e.g. Table 1, Table 2 etc.) and cite
each one in your writing as Table 1 or Figure 1.
· All tables
should be referenced in the text of the paper.
· Each table
should have an individual title. Each word in the title should be italicized
in exception of scientific names.
References begin on
their own page and are listed in alphabetical order by the first author's last
name. Only references cited within the text should be included. Ensure that in-text
(Citation) references are quoted as per the APA in-text citation style. All
references should be in 12-point font and double-spaced.
formatting your references, please follow the APA reference style (6th Edition). Ensure that the references are
strictly in the journal's prescribed style, failing which your article will not be accepted for peer-review. You
may refer to the Publication Manual of
the American Psychological Association for further details (http://www.apastyle.org/).
Abbreviations: Define alphabetically, other than abbreviations that
can be used without definition. Words or
phrases that are abbreviated in the introduction and following text should be
written out in full the first time that they appear in the text, with each
abbreviated form in parenthesis. Include the common name or scientific name, or
both, of animal and plant materials.
Acknowledgements: Individuals and entities that have provided essential
support such as research grants and fellowships and other sources of funding
should be acknowledged. Contributions that do not involve researching (clerical
assistance or personal acknowledgements) should not appear in acknowledgements.
Authors' Affiliation: The primary affiliation for each author should be the
institution where the majority of their work was done.
If an author has subsequently moved to another institution, the current address
may also be stated in the footer.
Co-Authors: The commonly accepted guideline for authorship is that
one must have substantially contributed to the development of the paper and
share accountability for the results. Researchers should decide who will be an
author and what order they will be listed depending upon their order of
importance to the study. Other contributions should be cited in the
Copyright: Authors publishing the
Journal will be asked to sign a copyright form. In signing the form, it is assumed that authors have obtained permission
to use any copyrighted or previously published material. All authors must read and agree to the
conditions outlined in the form, and must sign
the form or agree that the corresponding author can sign on their behalf. Articles cannot be published until a signed
form (original pen-to-paper
signature) has been received.
Copyright Permissions: Authors should seek necessary permissions for
quotations, artwork, boxes or tables taken from other publications or from
other freely available sources on the Internet before submission to Pertanika.
Acknowledgement must be given to the original source in the illustration
legend, in a table footnote, or at the end of the quotation.
Footnotes: Current addresses of authors if different from heading
may be inserted here.
Page Numbering: Every page of the manuscript, including the title page,
references, and tables should be numbered.
Spelling: The journal uses American or British spelling and
authors may follow the latest edition of the Oxford Advanced Learner's
Dictionary for British spellings.
Owing to the volume of manuscripts we
receive, we must insist that all submissions be made electronically using the online submission system ScholarOne™, a
web-based portal by Thomson Reuters. For more information, go to our web page
and click "Online Submission".
kit: All submissions must be
accompanied by a form detailing what you are submitting. Papers are accepted for publication in the journal on the
understanding that the article is original and the content has not been published either in
English or any other language(s)
or submitted for publication elsewhere.
The letter should also briefly describe the research you are reporting, why it
is important, and why you think the readers of the journal would be interested
in it. The cover letter must also contain an acknowledgement that all authors
have contributed significantly, and that all authors have approved the paper
for release and are in agreement with its content.
A referral form must also be filled up to facilitate the
review process. Selection of reviewers is by the EIC/CEE
Check into our
website at http://www.pertanika.upm.edu.my/online_submission.php under Downloads for your MS Submission kit
2. MANUSCRIPT: Ensure your MS has followed the Pertanika
style particularly the first four pages as explained earlier. The article
should be written in a good academic style and provide an accurate and succinct
description of the contents ensuring that grammar and spelling errors have been
corrected before submission. It should also not exceed the suggested length.
Please do not submit manuscripts to the
editor-in-chief or to any other office directly. Any queries must be directed to the Chief Executive Editor's office via
email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Visit our Journal's
website for more details at http://www.pertanika.upm.edu.my/home.php.
HARDCOPIES OF THE JOURNALS AND OFF PRINTS
the Journal's open access initiative, authors can choose to download free
material (via PDF link) from any of the journal issues from Pertanika's
website. Under "Browse
Journals" you will see a link, "Current
Issues" or "Archives". Here
you will get access to all current and back-issues from 1978 onwards. No hard copies or off prints would be available