About the Journal
Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology (JST) is the official journal of Universiti Putra Malaysia published by UPM Press. It is an open-access online scientific journal which is free of charge. It publishes the scientific outputs. It neither accepts nor commissions third party content.
Recognized internationally as the leading peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal devoted to the publication of original papers, it serves as a forum for practical approaches to improving quality in issues pertaining to science and engineering and its related fields. .
JST is a
) periodical that considers for publication original articles as per its scope. The journal publishes in
and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality.
The Journal is available world-wide.
Aims and scope
Pertanika Journal of Science and Technology aims to provide a forum for high quality research related to science and engineering research. Areas relevant to the scope of the journal include: bioinformatics, bioscience, biotechnology and bio-molecular sciences, chemistry, computer science, ecology, engineering, engineering design, environmental control and management, mathematics and statistics, medicine and health sciences, nanotechnology, physics, safety and emergency management, and related fields of study.
Pertanika was founded in 1978. A decision was made in 1992 to streamline Pertanika into three journals as Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Journal of Science & Technology, and Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities to meet the need for specialised journals in areas of study aligned with the interdisciplinary strengths of the university.
After almost 25 years, as an interdisciplinary Journal of Science & Technology, the revamped journal now focuses on research in science and engineering and its related fields.
Our goal is to bring the highest quality research to the widest possible audience.
We aim for excellence, sustained by a responsible and professional approach to journal publishing. Submissions are guaranteed to receive a decision within 14 weeks. The elapsed time from submission to publication for the articles averages 5-6 months.
Abstracting and indexing of
Pertanika is almost 40 years old; this accumulated knowledge has resulted in Pertanika JST being abstracted and indexed in SCOPUS (Elsevier), Thomson (ISI) Web of Knowledge [BIOSIS & CAB Abstracts], EBSCO & EBSCOhost, DOAJ, ERA, Cabell's Directories, Google Scholar, MyAIS, ISC & Rubriq (Journal Guide).
We are continuously improving access to our journal archives, content, and research services. We have the drive to realise exciting new horizons that will benefit not only the academic community, but society itself.
Citing journal articles
The abbreviation for Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology is
Pertanika J. Sci. Technol.
Pertanika policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications. It prohibits as well publication of any manuscript that has already been published either in whole or substantial part elsewhere. It also does not permit publication of manuscript that has been published in full in Proceedings.
Code of Ethics
The Pertanika Journals and Universiti Putra Malaysia takes seriously the responsibility of all of its journal publications to reflect the highest in publication ethics. Thus all journals and journal editors are expected to abide by the Journal's codes of ethics. Refer to Pertanika's
Code of Ethics
for full details, or visit the Journal's web link at
The author must ensure that when a manuscript is submitted to Pertanika, the manuscript must be an original work. The Author should check the manuscript for any possible plagiarism using any program such as TurnItIn or any other software before submitting the manuscripts to the Pertanika Editorial Office, Journal Division.
All submitted manuscripts must be in the Journal's acceptable
similarity index range: < 30%
- RESUBMIT MS;
The Guest Editor must submit the full reports of the originality check for each manuscript to the Chief Executive Editor to substantiate the acceptable similarity index range.
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
An ISSN is an 8-digit code used to identify periodicals such as journals of all kinds and on all media-print and electronic. All Pertanika journals have ISSN as well as an e-ISSN.
Journal of Science & Technology: ISSN 0128-7680
; ISSN 2231-8526
A decision on acceptance or rejection of a manuscript is reached in 3 to 4 months (average 14 weeks). The elapsed time from submission to publication for the articles averages 5-6 months.
Authors are not permitted to add or remove any names from the authorship provided at the time of initial submission without the consent of the Journal's Chief Executive Editor.
Refer to Pertanika's INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS at the back of this journal.
Most scientific papers are prepared according to a format called IMRAD. The term represents the first letters of the words
aterials and Methods,
iscussion. IMRAD is simply a more 'defined' version of the "IBC" [Introduction, Body, Conclusion] format used for all academic writing. IMRAD indicates a pattern or format rather than a complete list of headings or components of research papers; the missing parts of a paper are:
Title, Authors, Keywords, Abstract, Conclusions,
. Additionally, some papers include Acknowledgments and Appendices.
explains the scope and objective of the study in the light of current knowledge on the subject; the
Materials and Methods
describes how the study was conducted; the
section reports what was found in the study; and the
section explains meaning and significance of the results and provides suggestions for future directions of research. The manuscript must be prepared according to the Journal's
INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS.
Authors are notified with an acknowledgement containing a
on receipt of a manuscript, and upon the editorial decision regarding publication.
Pertanika follows a
process. Manuscripts deemed suitable for publication are usually sent to reviewers. Authors are encouraged to suggest names of at least three potential reviewers at the time of submission of their manuscript to Pertanika, but the editors will make the final choice. The editors are not, however, bound by these suggestions. Notification of the editorial decision is usually provided within ten to fourteen weeks from the receipt of manuscript. Publication of solicited manuscripts is not guaranteed. In most cases, manuscripts are accepted conditionally, pending an author's revision of the material. As articles are double-blind reviewed, material that might identify authorship of the paper should be placed only on page 2 as described in the first-4 page format in Pertanika's
INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS
given at the back of this journal.
The Journal's peer-review
In the peer-review process, three referees independently evaluate the scientific quality of the submitted manuscripts. Peer reviewers are experts chosen by journal editors to provide written assessment of the
of written research, with the aim of improving the reporting of research and identifying the most appropriate and highest quality material for the journal.
Operating and review process
What happens to a manuscript once it is submitted to
? Typically, there are seven steps to the editorial review process:
1. The Journal's chief executive editor and the editorial board examine the paper to determine whether it is appropriate for the journal and should be reviewed. If not appropriate, the manuscript is rejected outright and the author is informed.
2. The chief executive editor sends the article-identifying information having been removed, to three reviewers. Typically, one of these is from the Journal's editorial board. Others are specialists in the subject matter represented by the article. The chief executive editor asks them to complete the review in three weeks.
Comments to authors are about the appropriateness and adequacy of the theoretical or conceptual framework, literature review, method, results and discussion, and conclusions. Reviewers often include suggestions for strengthening of the manuscript. Comments to the editor are in the nature of the significance of the work and its potential contribution to the literature.
3. The chief executive editor, in consultation with the editor-in-chief, examines the reviews and decides whether to reject the manuscript, invite the author(s) to revise and resubmit the manuscript, or seek additional reviews. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Edito-in-Chief, who reserves the right to refuse any material for publication. In rare instances, the manuscript is accepted with almost no revision. Almost without exception, reviewers' comments (to the author) are forwarded to the author. If a revision is indicated, the editor provides guidelines for attending to the reviewers' suggestions and perhaps additional advice about revising the manuscript.
4. The authors decide whether and how to address the reviewers' comments and criticisms and the editor's concerns. The authors return a revised version of the paper to the chief executive editor along with specific information describing how they have answered' the concerns of the reviewers and the editor, usually in a tabular form. The author(s) may also submit a rebuttal if there is a need especially when the author disagrees with certain comments provided by reviewer(s).
5. The chief executive editor sends the revised paper out for re-review. Typically, at least one of the original reviewers will be asked to examine the article.
6. When the reviewers have completed their work, the chief executive editor in consultation with the editorial board and the editor-in-chief examine their comments and decide whether the paper is ready to be published, needs another round of revisions, or should be rejected.
7. If the decision is to accept, an acceptance letter is sent to all the author(s), the paper is sent to the Press. The article should appear in print in approximately three months.
The Publisher ensures that the paper adheres to the correct style (in-text citations, the reference list, and tables are typical areas of concern, clarity, and grammar). The authors are asked to respond to any minor queries by the Publisher. Following these corrections, page proofs are mailed to the corresponding authors for their final approval. At this point,
only essential changes are accepted
. Finally, the article appears in the pages of the Journal and is posted on-line.