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Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 32 (3) Apr. 2024 / JST-4398-2023


Study of LED Retrofit Lamps in HSPV Luminaires Based on Photometric Method for Road Lighting

Mohd Hanif Jamaludin, Wan Zakiah Wan Ismail, Elina Mohd Husini and Nor Ain Mohd Bahror

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 32, Issue 3, April 2024


Keywords: High-pressure sodium vapor, light emitting diode, light intensity distribution curve, light output ratio

Published on: 24 April 2024

Energy reduction is a great challenge in road lighting applications. Replacing high-pressure sodium vapor (HPSV) with light-emitting diodes (LED) is a viable approach to reducing energy consumption. However, a total replacement can incur a significant capital cost. This study aims to investigate the effects on light distribution by replacing HPSV lamps with LED lamps in HPSV luminaires using Light Intensity Distribution (LID) curve measurement and Backlight, Uplight and Glare (BUG) rating evaluation to reduce the adoption costs. While LED lamps have high illumination rates, the structural differences from HPSV lamps can affect the LID curve and original lighting design. Therefore, it is crucial to study photometric dispersion after retrofitting light sources. Both lamps were installed into similar HPSV luminaires to assess photometric performance using goniophotometer measurements. The HPSV lamp outperforms the LED lamp in terms of luminous flux (11.13%) and light intensity (7.69%), whereas the LED lamp outperforms the HPSV lamp in terms of efficacy rating (68.67%) and wattage used (47.61%). The findings indicate that retrofit LED luminaires have an LOR of 46.77% lower than the HPSV luminaires. The light distribution pattern is maintained but reduced to 40 to 50% for the main usable light angles. The reduced performance is caused by the lamp structure, which occupies a large area inside the luminaire housing, obstructing proper light distribution. Although overall energy consumption is reduced, similar illumination levels cannot be maintained. These outcomes can assist authorities and manufacturers with alternative methods of reducing costs while maintaining lighting levels.

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