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Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 32 (2) Mar. 2024 / JST-4425-2023


Structural Deformation and Displacement of a Disc Winding Due to Standard Switching Impulse Voltage via Finite Element Method

Nurul Farahwahida Md Yasid, Norhafiz Azis, Jasronita Jasni, Mohd Fairouz Mohd Yousof, Mohd Aizam Talib and Avinash Srikanta Murthy

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 32, Issue 2, March 2024


Keywords: Disc winding, electromagnetic forces, structural behaviours, switching transient, transformer

Published on: 26 March 2024

Switching operations in a power system network can lead to transient overvoltage in the high voltage (HV) winding of distribution transformers that causes high-stress build-up. This paper presents the relationship between electromagnetic force due to a standard switching impulse (SSI) and mechanical deformation/displacement behaviours for a disc-type transformer. The analysis was carried out based on a three-dimensional (3D) modelling of a continuous HV disc winding configuration whereby it is subjected to the switching transient voltage and force excitations through the finite element method (FEM). The electric transient solver analysed the static and dynamic aspects of the electromagnetic forces associated with the variation of forces versus time. The transient structural solver evaluated the structural behaviours of the disc winding related to the axial height and radial width of the winding under electromagnetic forces. It is found that the positively dominant axial force generated in the winding with a magnitude of 8.7 N causes the top and bottom layers of disc winding to tilt and displace. In addition, the positive average radial force of 1.4 N causes the circumference of the winding to experience hoop tension and outwardly stretch.

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