This study examined the relationship between transformational leadership behaviours of athletics directors and job satisfaction of coaches at NCAA Division I and III institutions in the United States. In addition, this study also examined whether there are differences between Division I andIII institutions with respect to the levels of transformational leadership behaviours of athletics directors and coaches’ job satisfaction. Data for this study were collected from 618 coaches. TheTransformational Leadership Behaviour Inventory developed by Podsakoff, MacKenzie, MoormanFetter (1990) was used to measure coaches’ perception of the transformational leadership behaviours of their athletics directors. The job satisfaction of coaches was measured by using the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (Weiss, Dawis, England andLofquist 1967). Data were analyzed by using discriminant analysis and logistic regression. It was discovered that Division I coaches evaluated their superiors higher in terms of transformational leadership behaviours than their counterparts in Division III. Division I coaches also reported a higher level of job satisfaction than coaches from Division III. The results also revealed that there was a significant relationship between transformational leadership behaviours of athletics directors and coaches’job satisfaction at both NCAA Division I and Division III institutions.
Kajian deskriptif ini dijalankan untuk mengenal pasti bentuk profil personaliti pelajar program matrikulasi, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor. Kajian ini juga bertujuan untuk menentukan sama ada wujud perbezaan personaliti antara pelajar lelaki dengan perempuan mengikut bidang pengkhususan. Subjek kajian terdiri daripada 340 pelajar yang telah dipilih secara rawak berlapis daripada 1475 pelajar matrikulasi Sains, Kejuruteraan, Perubatan, Perakaunan dan TESL. Alat kajian yang digunakan ialah Inventori Personaliti Sidek. Data-data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan statistik deskriptif termasuklah min, sisihan piawai dan kekerapan. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa setiap bidang pengkhususan telah menunjukkan bentuk profil personaliti yang hampir sama. Dapatan kajian jelas menunjukkan bahawa tret-tret personality utama yang dikaitkan dengan personaliti pelajar institusi pengajian tinggi yang ideal seperti tret personaliti analitikal, intelektual dan ketahanan hanya di tahap sederhana sahaja sementara tret personaliti bersandar dan kritik-diri didapati agak tinggi. Dapatan kajian juga menunjukkan bahawa tidak terdapat perbezaan profil personaliti yang signifikan berdasarkan bidang pengkhususan dan jantina pelajar. Sehubungan dengan dapatan kajian yang diperoleh, beberapa implikasi dan cadangan telah dikemukakan.
Profil personaliti, tret personaliti, bidang pengkhususan, matrikulasi, jantina
This study investigates the use of the virtual class (VC) application by accounting students at the Faculty of Economics and Management (FEM). Two main issues examined are the pattern of usage by students and their suggestions to improve the usefulness of the application for their learning process. The study shows that among the six modules of the VC application offered at the FEM, the “Assignment and Quizzes” module was used most frequently by students in the Intermediate Accounting course. There were students who viewed the VC application as an opportunity to be absent from lectures. The length of time spent in accessing the VC application is cited as the main problem in using the application. The major benefits of using the VC application include its ability to enhance the students’ knowledge of a course and assist students to communicate with lecturers. A majority of the students maintain that VC application should be extended to all lecturers in the university. Suggestions given to improve usage of VC application include improvement of on-campus facilities and provision of more complete sets of notes than currently available.
Computers, virtual class application, students, benefits, e-learning
Preferences were investigated of a sample of teenage students for ethnic-based and non ethnic-related Malaysian music, and the effects of selected listener characteristics: familiarity and musical training. Ten excerpts of ethnic-based Malaysian music and twenty excerpts of non ethnic-related music comprising ten popular music excerpts and ten Western art music excerpts were utilised. Ratings of preferences, familiarity, and musical training were gathered from 139 randomly selected teenage students of two public schools in Serdang. The results showed that the teenage students had a strong preference for non ethnic-related music especially popular music. Familiarity proved to be a significant determinant of preferences for both ethnic-based Malaysian music and non ethnic-related music. Implications of these findings include the proposal of new strategies in teaching approaches and preparation of learning materials for the music subject of the Malaysian Integrated Secondary School Curriculum or KBSM.
Music preference, music education, pedagogy, Malaysian music, teen culture, listener characteristics, music familiarity
Menyedari kepentingan pendidikan keusahawanan untuk membekalkan pelajar dengan peluang dan potensi untuk memilih kerjaya sebagai usahawan, Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia telah menunjukkan komitmen mereka terhadap pelaksanaannya. Komponen keusahawanan telah diperkenalkan dalam subjek Kemahiran Hidup Bersepadu di Sekolah Menengah Rendah. Berdasarkan usaha tersebut satu kajian diperlukan untuk menilai semula kesan pendidikan keusahawanan terhadap aspirasi pelajar dalam memilih keusahawanan sebagai kerjaya. Seramai 1336 pelajar tingkatan 4 telah dipilih dengan menggunakan tatacara persampelan rawak berlapis. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan aspirasi pelajar sekolah masih lagi rendah. Mereka yang mendapat pencapaian tinggi dalam PMR mempunyai potensi keusahawanan yang rendah dan sebaliknya. Terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan antara ciri-ciri dan potensi pelajar yang ingin bekerja sendiri dan makan gaji. Secara keseluruhan sikap dan ciri keusahawanan pelajar adalah sederhana positif. Implikasi kajian dibincangkan dalam kertas kerja ini untuk memupuk budaya keusahawanan di kalangan pelajar sekolah menengah.
Keusahawanan, latihan dan pendidikan keusahawanan, ciri-ciri keusahawanan, aspirasi keusahawanan
The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which aspiring school principals will practise transactional, transformational and instructional leadership behaviour in managing schools. Data were collected from 89 graduate students enrolled in the leadership course for the masters programme in Educational Administration conducted at UPM Serdang. They came from different parts of Malaysia and had teaching experience in 89 different schools. Findings indicated that aspiring secondary school principals perceived themselves as capable of adopting transformational leadership style. Results indicate that these participants scored high on all aspects of transformational leadership behaviour such as inspirational motivation, charisma, intellectual stimulation, and individual consideration. With regard to instructional leadership responsibilities, findings indicated that the aspiring principals scored high on providing an orderly atmosphere for learning and emphasizing student achievement. However, their inclination towards improving and evaluating teachers’ performance was low. This study suggests certain measures to improve the Malaysian school leaders practice for school effectiveness.
Transformational leadership, transactional leadership, instructional leadership, school leadership and management
The stock index futures was introduced in Malaysia in December 1995 with the launching of the futures contract on the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange Composite Index. Due to its recentness in the country, many issues pertaining to this equity derivatives instrument have not been explored. Thus, the development of stock index futures opens many opportunities for research in this area. This study examines the temporal relationship between the price of the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange Composite Index futures contract (FKLI) and its underlying stock index, the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange Composite Index (KLSE Cl). The five-year period under study is split into three subperiods to observe the price co-movement pattern under different volatility levels. The study finds that futures market tends to lead the spot market by one day during the periods of stable market, and there is a mixed lead-lag relationship between the two markets during the period of highly volatile market.