A quasi-experimental research study was conducted with first-year Diploma of Agriculture students to find out the effects of instructional multi-media on their knowledge and skills achievement during their fieldwork training at the farm. The students were divided into five groups of 30 students each, and each group was assigned a different treatment. The skill selected for the experiment was marcotting of guava (Psidium guajava). The findings of the study show that an instructional video and notes are beneficial and effective to the students before they carry out their fieldwork training. Students who watched the instructional video had significantly higher knowledge than the students who did not watch the video. However, instructional notes did not have any significant effect. The results also show that an instructor trained in using multimedia had a significant effect on the students’ skill in making the marcot.
Instructional video, instructional notes, video and teaching of agriculture, agricultural knowledge and skills, experimental study on instructional video
The research study determined the learning style patterns of secondary school students using Kolb’s (1984) experiential learning theory. The 274 subjects were randomly drawn from four secondary schools in the states of Selangor and Pahang in Malaysia. The resulting learning styles domain pattern of the students was plotted on Kolb’s (1984) learning styles grid. The findings indicated a significant difference between gender for the concrete experience domain scale t(272) = 2.42, p < .05, and the reflective observation domain scale /(272) = -2.77, p < .05. No significant differences were detected on the abstract conceptualization and Active Experimentation domain scales. The research study also found male students were oriented towards the concrete experience domain stage and female students toward the reflective observation domain stage. The gender differences within the concrete and reflective domain were consistent with the traditional gender socialization process.
This study investigated 64 UPM student teachers’ academic performance and their perception of their ability to teach commerce and entrepreneurship topics in the living skills syllabus. The findings show that (1) there is a significant difference between academic programmes and academic performance of the respondents, (2) entry qualifications influence academic performance of the respondents, and (3) high academic performance results in high ability to teach accounting components. This study suggests that proper selection of vocational teacher trainees should be made to ensure better living skills teachers. Selection should be based on experience in teaching living skills and satisfactory academic achievement. To produce professional teachers, teachers’ subject matter knowledge should be increased by enrolling in several related courses.
Subject matter knowledge, student teachers, teaching ability, entrepreneurship education, teacher professional development
This paper reports a study on classroom teaching techniques five years after the implementation of the Integrated Curriculum for Secondary Schools (KBSM) in Malaysia. Systematic observation was made of the classroom practices of 12 Bahasa Melayu teachers who were identified as effective in their teaching of 12-13 year-old pupils. Contrary to the philosophy of the KBSM, the teachers were inclined to use traditional whole-class teaching strategies and to dominate classroom interaction. The study concludes that there is a need to consider the existing teachers’ professional knowledge and their beliefs about the notion of good practice when designing and implementing in-service teacher education programmes.
Educational innovation, secondary school curriculum, good practice, Bahasa Melayu teachers, teacher education
Untuk berjaya di dalam pekerjaan, seseorang itu perlu mempunyai bukan sahaja pengetahuan dan kemahiran, tetapi juga nilai kerja yang baik. Kajian ini meninjau dua belas nilai kerja guru pelatih Universiti Pertanian Malaysia (UPM) dan hubungan di antara nilai-nilai kerja tersebut dengan jantina, umur dan pengalaman mengajar. Secara amnya, guru pelatih UPM mempunyai nilai kerja yang baik. Mereka menganggap perkembangan kendiri, ganjaran ekonomi dan pekerjaan terjamin sebagai sangat penting, manakala kreativti, keadaan tempat kerja, stail hidup dan autonomi sebagai sederhana penting. Nilai seperti kepelbagaian, autoriti, hubungan sosial, resiko dan prestij dianggap sebagai kurang penting kepada mereka. Selain itu, hubungan rendah yang signifikan wujud antara nilai kerja secara keseluruhan dengan pengalaman mengajar dan umur. Pada keseluruhannya, guru pelatih yang tiada pengalaman mengajar dan berumur muda didapati mempunyai nilai kerja yang lebih baik daripada guru pelatih yang mempunyai pengalaman mengajar. Guru pelatih lelaki didapati lebih mementingkan kreativiti dan autoriti daripada guru pelatih perempuan. Guru pelatih yang tiada pengalaman mengajar didapati lebih mementingkan kepelbagaian, resiko dan prestij daripada guru pelatih yang berpengalaman mengajar. Umur didapati mempunyai hubungan rendah yang negatif tetapi signifikan dengan stail hidup, autoriti, resiko dan prestij. Hubungan ini menunjukkan bertambah berumur guru pelatih, kepentingan nilai tersebut kepada mereka berkurangan. Antara cadangan hasil daripada dapatan kajian ialah member ganjaran yang setimpal untuk menarik minat generasi muda menjadi guru, memberi lebih autonomi kepada guru, menggalakkan guru menggunakan daya kreativiti masing-masing dan memberi tugas yang lebih mencabar kepada guru muda.
This paper presents an empirical examination of the selectivity and timing performance of 31 unit trusts in Malaysia. The empirical results indicate that during the 1990-1995 period, Malaysian unit trusts appear to possess no market timing ability, except for the Kuala Lumpur Growth Fund. However, there is some evidence of superior selection ability on the part of fund managers in picking up “good” stocks. Eighty-one per cent of the sample of unit trusts are able to beat the market return and the Kuala Lumpur Growth Fund ranked highest in terms of selectivity measure. The study found a positive correlation coefficient of 0.53 between selectivity and timing performance among the unit trusts. Further evidence suggests that 81% of the unit trusts have not achieved the expected level of diversification, and risk-return characteristics of the trusts are generally inconsistent with their stated objectives.
Unit trusts, market timing, selectivity, diversification
Reputable auditing firms have an incentive to investigate and report irregularities since their reputation is at stake, therefore engaging their services enables investors to estimate the value of the firm more precisely and reduce ex ante uncertainty. This will attract more investors to bid for the IPO shares and consequently IPOs attested by reputable auditing firms will have a lower premium level. This study tests the conjectured inverse effect of reputation of auditing firms on the level of IPO underpricing of 100 companies listed on the second board of the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange, for the period 1990-1995. The reputable auditing firms are the Big Six accounting firms; the others are classified as less reputable. The findings do not support this conjecture, which implies that Malaysian investors assume that all qualified and licensed auditing firms provide homogeneous services. However, the findings show that the underwriter reputation (UW) and the past profitability of the firm (NPM) variables are inversely related, whereas the market trend and the standard deviation variables are positively associated to the level of IPO underpricing.
Underpricing, initial public offers, auditor firm reputation, second board