e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 27 (S3) 2019 / JSSH(S)-1342-20


Adolescent Athletes’ Expectancy Beliefs, Task Values and Types of Motivation in Sports

Chin Ngien Siong, Teo Eng Wah, Garry Kuan and Ting Pei Yi

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 27, Issue S3, December 2019

Keywords: Adolescent athletes, amotivation, beliefs, extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, task values

Published on: 30 December 2019

This study examined adolescent athletes’ expectancy-beliefs, subjective task values, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation in sports. Two hundred and five athletes (131 males and 74 females) below 21 years old (15.53 + 2.37) completed the expectancy beliefs, subjective task values measures and the Sports Motivation Scale questionnaire. The two-way ANOVA results indicated a significant interaction effect between age group, and gender, for expectancy beliefs, and age group, for subjective task values in the expectancy-related beliefs and task values measures. Whereas, for the Sports Motivation Scale, the ANOVA results also showed significant interaction effect between age group and gender for intrinsic motivation as well as age group and gender for extrinsic motivation. However, no significant effect was observed between age, gender and locality was found for amotivation. Expectancy-related beliefs were found to be related with subjective task values (r = 0.78) and intrinsic motivation (r = 0.58). Whereas, subjective task values were moderately correlated with intrinsic motivation (r = 0.65) and extrinsic motivation (r = 0.54). Intrinsic motivation was related to extrinsic motivation (r = 0.83) but weakly with amotivation (r = 0.20). The results concluded that adolescent athletes (young generation) showed a trend of higher self-beliefs and values were also more likely to be intrinsically and extrinsically motivated, a combination of both types of motivation as opposed to earlier literature of single motivation type. In addition, our results support the relationship in combining Eccles et al. (1993) Expectancy Theory and Self-Determination Theory to improve understanding of motivation in sports.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

Article ID


Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Recent Articles