e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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Perceived Barriers to Recreation Sport Participation in University Students: A Comparison between International and Local Students in the United States

Hashim, H. A.

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 20, Issue 1, March 2012

Keywords: Sport participation, perceived barriers; international students

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It is generally known that sport participation promotes greater social interactions. For students in a foreign anda new country, a positive social interaction can be translated into a positive social adjustment process and agreater psychological well-being. Despite its benefits, participation in sports activities is low among universitystudents, especially the international students. The present study, therefore, sought to examine the barriersthat would likely hinder international and local college students from participating in sport activities in oneof the colleges in Springfield, United States. Using purposive sampling, 64 college students participated inthis cross sectional survey study. Data were collected using a modified Leisure Barriers Scale developed byRaymore, Godbey, Crawford and Von Eye (1993). Using descriptive statistics and independent group t-test,the results revealed 'convenient facilities', 'time' and 'information regarding available activities' as the mosthindering factors for international students from participating in campus sport activities. The results of theindependent group t-test revealed that intrapersonal barriers (p < 0.04) and interpersonal barriers (p < 0.02)were significantly higher among international students compared to the local students. No difference wasfound between the two groups with regard to Structural Barriers. Parallel with the results, greater efforts maybe made to promote greater awareness with regard to facilities convenience, such as facilities operating hours,and availability of campus activities to the students. For international students, activities that promote theelements of social interaction and are sensitive to cultural and individual differences may encourage greaterparticipation in campus sporting activities.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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