e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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EFL Advanced Adult Learners' Use of English Modals in Narrative Composition

Laleh Khojasteh, Nasrin Shokrpour and Najmeh Torabiardakani

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 25, Issue 4, December 2017

Keywords: EFL learners, Corpus linguistics, Discourse analysis, Narrative writing

Published on: 5 Dec 2017

This study was conducted to investigate the use of modals in narrative writing of English for foreign advanced adult learners. This study had two objectives: first, to determine the distribution pattern of modals and, second, to see if the participants used the modals accurately in their compositions. This was a learner corpus study, based on students' writings. The participants in this research were 136 randomly selected adult advanced learners attending English learning programs in six English institutions in Shiraz, Iran. The data used in this study were obtained from the written data consisting of compositions, which volunteers need to write. The study applied the qualitative method, which was supplemented with some descriptive statistics from a concordance. The WordSmith Tools, Version 4.0, was used for the purpose of this research. It was found that there were some discrepancies in the frequency of modals used by native speakers and the ones used by our EFL advanced students. In addition, students were rather competent in producing modals syntactically but simplification features were also detected in these learners' compositions as a means to overcome their limitations in using modals in English.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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