e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 27 (1) Mar. 2019 / JSSH-1837-2016


Performance Strategies Across Team and Individual Sports of Negeri Sembilan Athletes

Mazlan Ismail

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 27, Issue 1, March 2019

Keywords: Competition, individual sport, practice, performance strategies, team sport

Published on: 25 Mar 2019

The objective of this study was to determine the differences in the use of performance strategies of Negeri Sembilan Sukan Malaysia (SUKMA) 2014 athletes during practice and competition. The participants consisted of 142 athletes (49 team sports, 93 individual sports). The participants completed the Test of Performance Strategies (TOPS) questionnaire during the final camp before competing in the competition. Results showed that there were significant differences in performance strategies used by individual and team sport athletes during practice and competition conditions. Individual athletes were better in using performance strategies during practice (i.e., goal setting, relaxation and self-talk) and competition condition (i.e., goal setting and self-talk) compared to team sport athletes. The idea of using the psychological skills training could be taken into consideration for coaches and sport psychologist in order to help athletes improve their performance.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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