e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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Relationship Between Physical Activity in Urban Green Space and Dietary Patterns among Obese Children in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Victor Dogara Andrew, Mohd Johari Mohd Yusof and Junainah Abu Kasim

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 28, Issue 1, March 2020

Keywords: Body Mass Index (BMI), children diet pattern, green space, outdoor physical activity

Published on: 19 March 2020

In the past three decades, obesity rates affecting children in Malaysia have been rising rapidly, thereby presenting a major public health concern. However, physical activity and diet patterns in green space have been seen as effective environmental components that improve the quality of life. Hence, this study would determine the obesity levels at baseline (phase 1), after 90 days (phase 2) and after 180 days (phase 3). It further aimed to investigate the association of physical activity and diet pattern with the body mass index (BMI) of the respondents. The sample consisted of 12 respondents and this experimental study utilized a questionnaire and a checklist to record the measurements of height and weight by calculating the respondents’ physical activity, daily diet, and BMI. The scores were calculated to determine the level of obesity of the respondents by using paired sample t-test and linear regression model to analyze the influence of physical activity and diet patterns on the respondents’ BMI. The findings of this study show that there was a significant decrease in the levels of BMI before and after the study as participation in moderate to vigorous physical activities and more intake of fruits and water influence the respondents’ BMI. Therefore, this study reveals that physical activity and diet patterns in urban green space can have significant impacts on BMI and also play important roles in reducing childhood obesity.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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