Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 31 (2) Jun. 2023 / JSSH-8433-2021


Correlates of Crime Prevention and Perception of Safety Using the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior (KAB) Model

Mark Erana Patalinghug, John Dexter Gaston Sarcena, Ronilo Seronio Bustamante, Katreen Glimada Melecio, Junrey Maglangit Mangubat and Haidee Fuentes Patalinghug

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 31, Issue 2, June 2023

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjssh.31.2.09

Keywords: KAB model, correlational study, crime prevention, safety and security perception, worries of victimization

Published on: 16 June 2023

As empirical studies have progressed, various metrics and study areas have been incorporated into safety perception and worry about victimization. In this study, the Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior Model was applied in evaluating the cognitive and emotional domains of 401 residents of Zamboanga del Sur, Phillipines focusing on their knowledge of crime prevention, safety perception, and fears of victimization. Using the model, the knowledge of crime prevention, safety perception, and fear of victimization was considered an exploratory variable based on the common-sense assumption that feelings and emotions govern how people perceive certain things. The result shows that implemented crime prevention strategies in the province were observable, and community awareness is considerable. Regarding safety and security, the respondents rated the province as safe for everyone and moderately safe when personal belongings are left unattended. The threats to physical safety and security against persons and property are less likely to occur. Finally, the data show a statistically significant weak positive correlation between crime prevention and the perception of safety and security. The associations of safety and security and general satisfaction with personal safety among the representative samples show a significant positive weak correlation. Knowledge of crime prevention strategy and general satisfaction with personal safety shows a weak, statistically significant positive correlation. Thus, awareness of crime prevention significantly influences the safety perception, level of worry, and satisfaction with personal safety.

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