e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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Philosophical Foundations and their Implications on the Islamic Education

Rahimah Embong, Ridhuan Tee Abdullah, Mohd Taufiq Abd Talib, Fatimah Zaharah Ismail, Raja Hazirah Raja Sulaiman and Mariam Nabilah Mohd Noor

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 25, Issue S, March 2017

Keywords: Holistic personality, integrated curriculum, Islamic education, Islamic worldview, philosophical foundations

Published on: 25 September 2017

This paper aims to elucidate some philosophical foundations underlying education in the Islamic weltanschauung. The qualitative method of philosophical analysis is employed for the purpose of this study. The finding of this study is the significance of four philosophical foundations, namely, the ontological, epistemological, theological and axiological, which are essential for developing a theoretical framework for Islamic education. The ontological foundation, which pertains to the theory of existence or being, focusses on human nature and man's integrative components and functions. The epistemological foundation illuminates the nature of knowledge, its sources and methodologies. The theological foundation constructs the Islamic belief system based on the unity of Divinity and the tawhidic paradigm. The fourth foundation is the axiological, which emphasises certain key values underlying the Islamic value system. This study has some implications on Islamic education. The ontological foundation strengthens the philosophical basis of Islamic education, while the epistemological foundation provides curricular implications on its content and both the theological and axiological foundations are significant for the methodological processes of education. Together, they ensure a holistic personality as the final product of Islamic education.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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