e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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Honeydew Rind Activated Carbon as an Adsorbent for Zn(II) and Cr(III) Removal from Aqueous Solution: An Optimization Study

Zalilah Murni Yunus, Norzila Othman, Rafidah Hamdan and Nurun Najwa Ruslan

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 25, Issue S, May 2017

Keywords: Heavy metals, honeydew rind, impregnated, low cost adsorbent, phosphoric acid

Published on: 01 Nov 2017

A combination of phosphoric acid (H3PO4) 20% v/v impregnation and carbonization method was employed to convert honeydew rind into activated carbons (ACPHDR) for Zn(II) and Cr(III) removal aqueous solution. The characterization of ACPDHR by N2 sorption, iodine number and Boehm analysis result 1272 m2/g surface area, 1174 mg/g and 1.13 mmol/g total acidic functional groups respectively. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Field emission scanning electron microscopy-electron dispersed microscopy (FESEM-EDX) analysis of unloaded and metal-loaded carbon showed shifted of significance peaks and the changes of surface morphology of the sorbent. The adsorption was optimized at pH, shaking duration, initial metal concentration and mass of adsorbent of 5.5, 40 min and 500 mg/L, 0.4 g for Zn(II) and 4, 40 min, 1000 mg/L, 0.1 g for Cr(III) removal. It is concluded that the metal removal was influenced by pH solution, contact time, initial metal concentration and mass of adsorbent. The highest removal of Zn(II) and Cr(III) was observed at 84.24% and 90.10% respectively. Waste from honeydew will be benefited from this research which offer a cheaper alternative precursor to coal based activated carbons.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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