e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 25 (4) Oct. 2017 / JST-0692-2016


Effect of Co-solvent Addition on Glycerolysis of Waste Cooking Oil

Supardan, M. D., Adisalamun, Lubis, Y. M., Annisa, Y., Satriana and Mustapha, W. A. W.

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 25, Issue 4, October 2017

Keywords: Co-solvent, free fatty acid, glycerolysis, waste cooking oil

Published on: 09 Oct 2017

Glycerolysis can be a useful alternative for lowering free fatty acid (FFA) content present in waste cooking oil. In the present work, the effect of mass ratio of co-solvent hexane to oil on glycerolysis of waste cooking oil was investigated to enhance the miscibility of the oil and glycerol phases. The experimental results showed that the addition of hexane as co-solvent affected the glycerolysis reaction rate. However, a suitable amount of co-solvent must be added to achieve an optimum of FFA conversion. The use of 0.125:1 of mass ratio of co-solvent to oil leads to higher rate constant of approximately two times compared to glycerolysis without a co-solvent. The glycerolysis reduces the FFA content, peroxide and saponification values of oil; however, it does not change the density and kinematic viscosity as well as the fatty acid composition of oil.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

Article ID


Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Recent Articles