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Magnetohydrodynamic Flow and Heat Transfer Over an Exponentially Stretching/Shrinking Sheet in Ferrofluids

Nurfazila Rasli and Norshafira Ramli

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 29, Issue 3, July 2021


Keywords: Ferrofluids, heat transfer, magnetohydrodynamic, stretching/shrinking

Published on: 31 July 2021

In this research, the problem of magnetohydrodynamic flow and heat transfer over an exponentially stretching/shrinking sheet in ferrofluids is presented. The governing partial differential equations are transformed into nonlinear ordinary differential equations by applying suitable similarity transformations. These equations are then solved numerically using the shooting method for some pertinent parameters. For this research, the water-based ferrofluid is considered with three types of ferroparticles: magnetite, cobalt ferrite, and manganese-zinc ferrite. The numerical solutions on the skin friction coefficient, Nusselt number, velocity and temperature profiles influenced by the magnetic parameter, wall mass transfer parameter, stretching/shrinking parameter, and volume fraction of solid ferroparticle are graphically displayed and discussed in more details. The existences of dual solutions are noticeable for the stretching/shrinking case in a specific range of limit. For the first solution, an increasing number in magnetic and suction will also give an increment of skin friction coefficient and Nusselt number over stretching/shrinking sheet. For the skin friction coefficient only, it is showed a decreasing pattern after the intersection. Besides, the presence of ferroparticles in the fluids causes a high number of the fluid’s thermal conductivity and heat transfer rate.

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