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Acceptance Ratio Analysis in Grid-Connected Photovoltaic System: Is There Any Difference Between DC and AC?

Fatin Azirah Mohd Shukor, Hedzlin Zainuddin, Jasrul Jamani Jamian, Nurmalessa Muhammad, Farah Liyana Muhammad Khir and Noor Hasliza Abdul Rahman

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 30, Issue 1, January 2022


Keywords: AC acceptance ratio, DC acceptance ratio, grid-connected photovoltaic (GCPV), inverter efficiency, performance

Published on: 10 January 2022

The performance status of a grid-connected photovoltaic (GCPV) system is denoted by performance indices, namely performance ratio, capacity factor, and even through power acceptance ratio (AR), as documented in Malaysia Standard (MS) procedures for acceptance test of GCPV testing and commissioning (TNC). Even though AR analysis can be either on the DC or AC side, the MS TNC procedures implemented analysis on the AC side. Therefore, the question arises whether there is any significant difference when using AC AR analysis compared to DC AR analysis in evaluating the system performance. Thus, this paper evaluates the differences between applying DC AR analysis and AC AR analysis in accessing the performance of the ten kWp GCPV system in Malaysia. The AR analytical analysis employed the 2019 one-year historical data of solar irradiance, module temperature, DC power, and AC power. The results demonstrated that the monthly AC AR were consistently lower than DC AR with a percentage difference of approximately 3%. The percentage discrepancy was due to the variation of actual inverter efficiencies compared to the declared constant value by the manufacturer used in the AR prediction model. These findings have verified a significant difference between DC AR analysis and AC AR analysis. Most importantly, this study has highlighted the significance of AC AR analysis compared to DC AR analysis as a tool to evaluate GCPV system performance because AC AR has taken an additional factor into consideration, which is the inverter efficiency variation.

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