e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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Somatic Embryogenesis in Sugar Palm (Arenga pinnata Wurmb Merr.) from Zygotic Embryo Explants

Nazatul Asikin Muda and Asmah Awal

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 25, Issue S, July 2017

Keywords: Embryogenic callus induction, immature zygotic embryo (IZE), plant growth regulators (PGRs), somatic embryogenesis, sugar palm

Published on: 28 Feb 2018

In this paper, a micropropagation protocol of sugar palm (Arenga pinnata Wurmb Merr) through callogenesis and somatic embryogenesis was examined. Callus induction frequency and somatic embryogenesis response were dependent on plant growth regulators (PGRs) and genotype. Semi-compact and compact embryogenic calluses were induced from excised immature zygotic embryo (IZE) cultured on semi-solid MS (Murashige & Skoog, 1962) medium supplemented with various concentration and combination of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 6-benzyl aminopurine acid (BAP). MS medium supplemented with 0.4 mg/L 2,4-D and 0.5 mg/L BAP was found optimum to induce 100% rate of embryogenic calluses and maximum degree of callus formation after 8 and 12 weeks of culture. The incorporation of increased sucrose concentration (60.0 g/L) and 2.0 g/L casein hydrolysate (CH) to the culture medium with similar PGRs composition enhanced the induction of globular somatic embryos (SEs), while addition of silver nitrate (AgNO3) produced SEs of different stages. SEs maturated in MS medium containing 1.0 mg/L BAP and 1.0 mg/L naphthalene-acetic acid (NAA) formed cotyledon-stage embryos. Clonal roots regeneration was obtained on half-strength MS devoid of PGRs after 4 months of culture. Frequent subcultures increased embryogenesis rate favourably.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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