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Essential Dynamics of Rice Cultivated under Intensification on Acid Sulfate Soils Ameliorated with Composted Oyster Mushroom Baglog Waste

Jumar, Riza Adrianoor Saputra, Muhammad Imam Nugraha and Ahmad Wahyudianur

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 45, Issue 3, August 2022


Keywords: Acid sulfate soils, eco-friendly agriculture, rice intensification, suboptimal land

Published on: 8 August 2022

This study examines the dynamics of essential macro-nutrients for rice cultivation in acid sulfate soils ameliorated with composted oyster mushroom baglog waste. A single factor randomized block design (RBD) was used, and the factors studied include the compost dose of oyster mushroom baglog waste, which consists of 5 treatment levels, namely 0 t ha-1 (control), 5 t ha-1, 10 t ha-1, 15 t ha-1, and 20 t ha-1. Furthermore, this study was carried out from May to September 2021 in the rice fields of the Faculty of Agriculture, Lambung Mangkurat University (ULM), Sungai Rangas Village, Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan. The rice plants were cultivated using an intensification technique, and the compost was applied based on the research treatment for two weeks on prepared land before planting. Also, Bartlett’s test was carried out before analysis of variance, which had a significant effect of P<0.05, and was further tested using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at a 5% level. The results showed variations in the availability of macro-nutrients at five different growth stages: early planting, full vegetative, early panicle emergence, panicle filling, and harvesting phases. The highest levels of ammonium (NH4+) and nitrate (NO3-) were found in the full vegetative stage, while early planting had the lowest. Also, there was an increase in the available phosphorus (P) from the early planting to the full vegetative stage. The increase in exchangeable potassium (K) occurred at the transition of these stages. These increasing nutrients were due to the addition of the compost. The higher the NH4+, NO3-, available P, and exchangeable K in acid sulfate soils, the more nitrogen (N), P, and K uptake in rice plants. The provision of the compost supplied N, P, and K in available forms and reduced the amount of soluble alumunium (Al) and iron (Fe). Thereby the plant roots absorb the nutrients optimally. Additionally, the compost increased the essential macro-nutrient availability and plant uptake using the rice intensification technique from early planting to harvest.

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