e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 29 (4) Dec. 2021 / JSSH-8233-2021


University Students’ Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) towards COVID-19 in Malaysia

Zur Batrisyia Mohd Zubir, Nor Yasmin Abd Rahaman, Rukman Awang Hamat and Hayati Kadir @ Shahar

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 29, Issue 4, December 2021


Keywords: Attitude, COVID-19, knowledge, medical students, practice, veterinary students

Published on: 13 December 2021

Covid-19—associated with the human-to-human transmission is recent medical concern which also associated with public health concerns. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted among clinical year veterinary and medical students studying in a university in Malaysia to determine the students’ knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19. The questionnaire consisted of 4 sections, namely, socio-demographic characteristics (6 items), knowledge (14 items), attitude (10 items), and practice (24 items) towards COVID-19. The collected data were subjected to descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis H, and Spearman’s correlation analysis. A total of 219 students participated in this study, and they consisted of 52.1% and 47.9% of veterinary and medical students, respectively. The total scores were categorised into poor (<60%), moderate (60-79%), and high (>80%) based on Bloom’s cut off point. Overall, the students acquired high knowledge (80%), moderate attitude (76%) and high practice (86%) against COVID-19. In the attitude section, the veterinary student scored significantly higher than medical students (U=3791, p= .001), and female students scored significantly higher than males (U=3183, p= .001). The analysis revealed a statistically significant association between attitude and practice (P< .05) despite no association between knowledge to attitude and practice variables. Overall, the results indicated that both veterinary and medical students had high knowledge with moderate to high attitudes towards COVID-19. Thus, they were practising good preventive measures in limiting the spread of the disease.

  • Ahmad, A. R., & Murad, H. R. (2020). the impact of social media on panic during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Iraqi Kurdistan: Online questionnaire study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(5), 1-8.

  • Alrubaiee, G. G., Al-Qalah, T. A. H., & Al-Aawar, M. S. A. (2020). Knowledge, attitudes, anxiety, and preventive behaviours towards COVID-19 among health care providers in Yemen: An online cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health, 20, Article 1541.

  • Alzoubi, H., Alnawaiseh, N., Al-Mnayyis, A., Abu-Lubad, M., Aqel, A., & Al-Shagahin, H. (2020). Covid-19 - Knowledge, attitude and practice among medical and non-medical university students in Jordan. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, 14(1), 17-24.

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020a). Benefits of getting a COVID-19 vaccine.

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020b). Information for clinicians on investigational therapeutics for patients with COVID-19.

  • Cinelli, M., Quattrociocchi, W., Galeazzi, A., Valensise, C. M., Brugnoli, E., Schmidt, A. L., Zola, P., Zollo, F., & Scala, A. (2020). The COVID-19 social media infodemic. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1-2.

  • Hulin, C., Netemeyer, R., & Cudeck, R. (2001). Can a reliability coefficient be too high? Journal of Consumer Psychology, 10(1), 55-58.

  • Maheshwari, S., Gupta, P., Sinha, R., & Rawat, P. (2020). Knowledge, attitude, and practice towards coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among medical students: A cross- sectional study. Journal of Acute Disease, 9(3), 100-104.

  • Mukhtar, K., Javed, K., Arooj, M., & Sethi, A. (2020). Advantages, limitations and recommendations for online learning during Covid-19 pandemic era. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(COVID19-S4), 4.

  • Nabity-Grover, T., Cheung, C. M. K., & Thatcher, J. B. (2020). Inside out and outside in: How the COVID-19 pandemic affects self-disclosure on social media. International Journal of Information Management, 55, 1-4.

  • Olaimat, A. N., Aolymat, I., Elsahoryi, N., Shahbaz, H. M., & Holley, R. A. (2020). Attitudes, anxiety, and behavioral practices regarding COVID-19 among university students in Jordan: A cross-sectional study. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 103(3), 1173-1183.

  • Peng, Y., Pei, C., Zheng, Y., Wang, J., Zhang, K., Zheng, Z., & Zhu, P. (2020). A cross- sectional survey of knowledge, attitude and practice associated with COVID-19 among undergraduate students in China. BMC Public Health, 20(1), 2-6.

  • Sahni, H., & Sharma, H. (2020). Role of social media during the COVID-19 pandemic: Beneficial, destructive, or reconstructive? International Journal of Academic Medicine, 6(2) 70-75.

  • Sari, D. K., Amelia, R., Dharmajaya, R., Sari, L. M., & Fitri, N. K. (2020). Positive correlation between general public knowledge and attitudes regarding COVID-19 outbreak 1 month after first cases reported in Indonesia. Journal of Community Health, 3-6.

  • World Health Organization. (2020). Transmission of SARS-CoV-2: Implications for infection prevention precautions. World Health Organization.

  • Yu, W.-B., Tang, G.-D., Zhang, L., & Corlett, R. T. (2020). Decoding the evolution and transmissions of the novel pneumonia coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2 / HCoV-19) using whole genomic data. Zoological Research, 41(3), 247-257.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

Article ID


Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Recent Articles