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ISSN 1511-3701

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The Effect of Effective Diameter on Fluidization Quality in Compartmented Fluidized Bed Gasifier

Wee Siaw Khur, Chok Vui Soon, Alexander Gorin, Chua Han Bing and Yan Hong Ming

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 17, Issue 2, July 2009

Keywords: Channelling, Compartmented Fluidized Bed Gasifier (CFBG), effective diameter, fluidization, fluidization quality

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Compartmented Fluidized Bed Gasifier (CFBG), consisting of two compartments - the combustor and gasifier, uses air blown instead of pure oxygen for syngas production in bubbling fluidization mode, eliminating the need of air separation unit, and reducing the capital cost, thus distinguishes it from other traditional ones. Fluidization quality is a determining factor in the CFBG to guarantee its well-lifted behaviour. Previous study, without solid circulation at ambient conditions, brought to the fore the necessity of considering the effect of the minimum allowable effective diameter. The study was then performed in the CFBG cold physical model of 0.66m overall diameter (effective diameter for combustor and gasifier is 0.413m and 0.257m) to investigate the fluidization quality and compare it with the results obtained from the previous cold model of about 1.36 times smaller, but with the same compartmented ratio of 65:35. Different inert particles (river sand, quartz sand and alumina) were used, over a range of aspect ratios, for the aforementioned objective. The results showed that the fluidization quality in the gasifier has not been achieved and the degradation of fluidization quality in the combustor is still observed, notwithstanding the fact that the condition of the minimum allowable effective diameter has been met. The reduction of distributor free area, to increase the distributor pressure drop, showed a marginal effect on the quality. The effect of the minimum allowable effective diameter on fluidization quality in CFBG as well as the interplay of geometric and operational parameters require further studies be carried out. The fluidization quality of the binary mixture is also currently under investigation.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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