e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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Bioremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbon in Antarctica by Microbial Species: An Overview

Syahir Habib, Siti Aqlima Ahmad, Wan Lutfi Wan Johari, Mohd Yunus Abd Shukor and Nur Adeela Yasid

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 26, Issue 1, January 2018

Keywords: Antarctic region, bioremediation, fuel spills, indigenous microorganisms, petroleum hydrocarbons

Published on: 18 Jan 2018

The increase of anthropogenic activities and growth of technology in Antarctica is fuelled by the high demand for petroleum hydrocarbons needed for daily activities. Oil and fuel spills that occur during explorations have caused hydrocarbon pollution in this region, prompting concern for the environment by polar communities and the larger world community. Crude oil and petroleum hydrocarbon products contain a wide variety of lethal components with high toxicity and low biodegradability. Hydrocarbon persistence in the Antarctic environment only worsens the issues stemming from environmental pollution as they can be long-term. Numerous efforts to lower the contamination level caused by these pollutants have been conducted mainly in bioremediation, an economical and degrading-wise method. Bioremediation mainly functions on conversion of complex toxic compounds to simpler organic compounds due to the consumption of hydrocarbons by microorganisms as their energy source. This review presents a summary of the collective understanding on bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons by microorganisms indigenous to the Antarctic region from past decades to current knowledge.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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