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Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 29 (4) Oct. 2021 / JST-2687-2021


Reduction of the Backing Gas Sequence as a Facile Method to Improve Corrosion Resistance in Duplex Stainless Steel (DSS) Weldment

Basuki Tri Laksono, Hendri Budi Kurniyanto, Purwa Sadewa and Riza Wirawan

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 29, Issue 4, October 2021


Keywords: Backing gas, corrosion resistance, detrimental intermetallic phase, duplex stainless steel, GTAW

Published on: 29 October 2021

Duplex stainless steel (DSS) is an important material used for corrosion resistance in various harsh environment plants such as petrochemical, offshore subsea component, and other chemical industries. An approximately equal amount of austenite and ferrite (A/F) ratio grants good mechanical properties and rust protection on. The detrimental intermetallic phase frequently occurs due to an unbalanced A/F ratio caused by the welding’s thermal cycle. Backing gas is commonly applicable in the field combined Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) process. However, the use of backing gas to complete a single weld from root to cap joint required huge additional costs for consumables. Maintaining the thermal cycle in the welding parameter and GTAW process with ER2209 filler metal for DSS below 10 mm thick can reduce the backing gas sequence. The research aims to efficiently substitute full backing gas consumption, which meets a desirable quality in terms of corrosion resistance. The effect of backing gas reduction was studied. All specimens were tested by visua Vickers microhardness, metallography, ferrite content measurement, and electrochemical corrosion test. The visual test shows no defects beyond the range of the ASME IX acceptance and criteria. The evaluation comes from the ferrite scope and electrochemical corrosion test. The backing gas on the root weld shows a balance A/F ratio of around 38% ferrite content accepted in various standards. The backing gas sequence on the root until filler-pass obtained 0.04 mm/year, which is the desirable corrosion resistance and met the requirement of ASTM A932.

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