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Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 32 (2) Mar. 2024 / JST-4175-2023


Smart Hydroponic Farming System Integrated with LED Grow Lights

Primadiyanti Nirbita, Kah-Yoong Chan, Gregory Soon How Thien and Chu-Liang Lee

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 32, Issue 2, March 2024


Keywords: Grow light, hydroponic, IoT controller, light emitting diodes, smart farming

Published on: 26 March 2024

Vertical farming, including hydroponics, is a growing trend in the agricultural sector due to the increasing demand for food and urbanisation. Thus, hydroponics can save space and achieve faster plant growth compared to traditional farming methods. The concept of smart farming has been applied in this study to improve the ease of control and monitoring of hydroponic systems. The effects of light-emitting diodes (LEDs), light distance, and colour (purple and white) on water spinach growth in a hydroponic system were investigated. Additionally, an Internet of Things (IoT) controller was developed and implemented to facilitate the use of the system in an indoor hydroponic-based environment system. Based on the results, the distance between the LED light of 15 cm and the plants and the colour of the LED light (white) can positively impact plant growth in a hydroponic system. Using an IoT controller also allows for continuous monitoring and control of factors that influence plant growth. Hence, this research would catalyse the local smart hydroponic farming system for improved deliverables.

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