e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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Urea as the Nitrogen Source in NFT Hydroponic System

Aminuddin H., Khalip R., Norayah K. and Alias H.

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 16, Issue 2, August 1993

Keywords: Hydroponics, urea, hydrolysis, urease, ammonium

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Urea as the source of nitrogen in the nutrient solution in NFT (nutrient film technique) hydroponic system undergoes hydrolysis which results in the release of ammonium in solution. Urea hydrolysis was rapid from the 7th day onwards and ended by the 20th day. At the same time, ammonium concentration in solution increased and reached its maximum on the 20th day. Nitrification occurred simultaneously and peaked also on the 20th day. Plant dry matter weight at harvest was similar for both urea and nitrate treatments. Ammonium concentration in leaves and roots was higher in urea than in nitrate treatments. Nitrate concentration in leaves and roots was similar for both treatments. The study showed that urea can be substituted for nitrate as the nitrogen source in the NFT hydroponic system.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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