e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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The Exploitation of Root-sourced Signals to Reduce Irrigation and to Regulate Leaf Growth of Pepper Plants Capsicum annuum L.

Mohamed Hamad Awad, Mohd Razi Ismail, Marziah Mahmood and Mahmud T.M Mohamed

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 25, Issue 2, September 2002

Keywords: Water deficit, partial root drying, irrigation, pepper

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The effect of partial root drying (PRD) on growth and physiological responses of pepper plants Capsicum annuum L. cultivar MC12 was investigated under high temperatures and a humid tropical climate. The leaf water potential, photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance and transpiration rate of Capsicum plants grown under PRD over a period of 10 days were lower than those grown under well watered conditions. Removal of the droughted roots resulted in resumption of all leaf gas exchange parameters confirming the presence of signals coming directly from the droughted roots. Leaf growth rate was negatively affected by PRD techniques; as a consequence leaf area per plant was reduced. Total fruit yield of PRD plants was about 73% of the control plants' fruit yield while the amount of water added to the PRD plants was half the quantity added to the controls.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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