e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 43 (4) Nov. 2020 / JTAS-2002-2020


The Effect of Nanozeolite Concentration in a Delivery System of HaNPV1 to the Lethal Time against Crocidolomia pavonana

Ikhsan Gatot Aji Prasetio, Wawan Hermawan, Mia Miranti, Camellia Panatarani, I Made Joni, Hikmat Kasmara and Melanie

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 43, Issue 4, November 2020


Keywords: Crocidolomia pavonanaHaNPV1, nanoparticle, nanozeolite, pest control

Published on: 30 November 2020

The constraints on the effectiveness of nuclear polyhedrosis virus (NPV) as biocontrol are usually due to environmental factors such as temperature and ultraviolet (UV) exposure. Zeolite has been commonly used as a carrier or delivery system for nuclear polyhedrosis viruses. In this study, zeolite powder was reduced into nanosized particles by beads milling method and was investigated for the effect of its concentration in the delivery system of Helicoverpa armigera nuclear polyhedrosis virus (HaNPV1) on the lethal time against the larvae Crocidolomia pavonana. The formulation used three concentrations of nanozeolite suspension, 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2 wt.% applied for each 4 × 107 of HaNPV1. A randomized block design (RBD) method was applied with 3 replications. The results showed that the scanning electron microscope (SEM) from nanozeolite was seen coating the entire surface of the HaNPV1 polyhedra and an increase of zeolite concentration caused acceleration of   the lethal time of C. pavonana instar III. Thus, the fastest lethal time was 1.2 days receiving a concentration of 2 wt.%, which was significantly higher compared to without delivery (2.9 days). The increase of the zeolite concentration up to 2 wt.% in the delivery system for HaNPV1 improved their performance on lethal time and mortality against C. pavonana. It was concluded that nanozeolite as a delivery system enhanced and created a synergy in infecting C. pavonana.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

Article ID


Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Recent Articles