e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 45 (2) May. 2022 / JTAS-2391-2021


Effect of Streptomyces Inoculation on Ipomoea aquatica and Pachyrhizus erosus Grown Under Salinity and Low Water Irrigation Conditions

Waraporn Chouychai, Aphidech Sangdee and Khanitta Somtrakoon

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 45, Issue 2, May 2022


Keywords: Drought stress, economic crop, plant growth-promoting bacteria, salt stress, Streptomyces

Published on: 13 May 2022

The distribution of salty areas and drought conditions caused by climate change can limit successful crop production. The co-occurrence of salinity and drought gives a unique challenge for plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) in agricultural purposes. In this study, the effect of irrigation and salinity on the abilities of isolates of plant growth-promoting bacteria (Streptomyces sp. St1 and St8) to promote the growth of Ipomoea aquatica and Pachyrhizus erosus was investigated. Both plants were planted in pots with combinations of salinity (non-saline or saline soil), different irrigation levels, and different bacterial inoculations. The results showed that the salinity decreased the root dry weight of I. aquatica and decreased the shoot and root dry weight of P. erosus. Salinity also decreased the tuber formation and root efficiency of P. erosus. Low irrigation and bacterial species did not affect either plant’s shoot or root growth. However, the chlorophyll content in the leaves of both plants decreased in the inoculated plants compared to the non-inoculated plants. Among the three factors in this study, salinity was the most influential factor, and irrigation was the least effective factor on plant growth for both parts. Soil salinity may concern plant growth-promoting bacteria, and salt-tolerant strains may be an interesting choice for use in combination with saline and low water conditions.

  • Abbasi, S., Sadeghi, A., & Safaie, N. (2020). Streptomyces alleviate drought stress in tomato plants and modulate the expression of transcription factors ERF1 and WRKY70 genes. Scientia Horticulturae, 265, 109206.

  • Akbari, A., Gharanjik, S., Koobaz, P., & Sadeghi, A. (2020). Plant growth-promoting Streptomyces strains are selectively interacting with the wheat cultivars especially in saline conditions. Heliyon, 6(2), e03445.

  • Ansari, M., Shekari, F., Mohammadi, M.H., Juhos, K., Végvári, G., & Biró, B. (2019). Salt-tolerant plant growth-promoting bacteria enhanced salinity tolerance of salt-tolerant alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) cultivars at high salinity. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 41, 195.

  • Aryal, J. P., Sapkota, T. B., Khurana, R., Khatri-chhetri, A., Rahut, D. B., & Jat, M. L. (2020). Climate change and agriculture in South Asia: Adaptation options in smallholder production systems. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 22, 5045–5075.

  • Batool, T., Ali, S., Seleiman, M. F., Naveed, N. H., Ali, A., Ahmed, K., Abid, M., Rizwan, M., Shahid, M. R., Alotaibi, M., Al-Ashkar, I., & Mubushar, M. (2020). Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria alleviates drought stress in potato in response to suppressive oxidative stress and antioxidant enzymes activities. Scientific Reports, 10, 16975.

  • Bharti, N., Pandey, S. S., Barnawal, D., Patel, V. K., & Kalra, A. (2016). Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria Dietzia natronolimnaea modulates the expression of stress responsive genes providing protection of wheat from salinity stress. Scientific Reports, 6, 34768.

  • Calheiros, C. S. C., Silva, G., Quitério, P. V. B., Crispim, L. F. C., Brix, H., Moura, S. C., & Castro, P. M. L. (2012). Toxicity of high salinity tannery wastewater and effects on constructed wetland plants. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 14(7), 669-680.

  • Chandra, D., Srivastava, R., Glick, B. R., & Sharma A. K. (2018). Drought-tolerant Pseudomonas spp. improve the growth performance of finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) under non-stressed and drought-stressed conditions. Pedosphere, 28(2), 227-240.

  • Cha-um, S. Roytrakul, S., Kirdmanee, C., Akutagawa, I., & Takagaki, M. (2007). A rapid method for identifying salt tolerant water convolvulus (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk) under in vitro photoautotrophic conditions. Plant Stress, 1(2), 228-234.

  • Ergo, V. V., Veas, R. E., Vega, C. R. C., Lascano, R., & Carrera, C. S. (2021). Leaf photosynthesis and senescence in heated and droughted field-grown soybean with contrasting seed protein concentration. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 166, 437-447.

  • Guan, N., Jianghua Li, J., Shin, H., Du, G., Chen, J., & Liu, L. (2017). Microbial response to environmental stresses: From fundamental mechanisms to practical applications. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 101, 3991–4008.

  • Huang, X.-D., El-Alawi, Y., Penrose, D. M., Glick, B. R., & Greenberg, B. M. (2004). Response of three grass species to creosote during phytoremediation. Environmental Pollution, 130(3), 453-363.

  • Hussian, H., Hussain, S., Khaliq, A., Ashraf, U., Anjum, S. A, Men, S., & Wang, L. (2018). Chilling and drought stresses in crop plants: implications, cross talk, and potential management opportunities. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9, 393.

  • IIangumaran, G., & Smith, D. L. (2017). Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria in amelioration of salinity stress: A systems biology perspective. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8, 1768.

  • Jumpa, T., Pattanagul, W., & Songsri, P. (2017). Effects of salinity stress on some physiological traits in gac (Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng.). Khon Kaen Agriculture Journal, 45(suppl.1), 255-260.

  • Kautz, B., Noga, G., & Hunsche, M. (2014). Sensing drought- and salinity-imposed stresses on tomato leaves by means of fluorescence techniques. Plant Growth Regulation, 73, 279–288.

  • Kilroy, G. (2015). A review of the biophysical impacts of climate change in three hotspot regions in Africa and Asia. Regional Environmental Change, 15, 771-782.

  • Kumar B. L., & Gopal, D. V. R. S. (2015). Effective role of indigenous microorganisms for sustainable environment. 3 Biotech, 5, 867–876.

  • Kumar, A., Mann, A., Kumar, A., Kumar, N., & Meena, B. L. (2021). Physiological response of diverse halophytes to high salinity through ionic accumulation and ROS scavenging. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 23(10), 1041-1051.

  • Leogrande, R., & Vitti, C. (2018). Use of organic amendments to reclaim saline and sodic soils: A review. Arid Land Research and Management, 33(1), 1-21.

  • Marks, D. (2011). Climate change and Thailand: Impact and response. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 33(2), 229-258.

  • Munné-Bosch, S., Jubany-Marí, T., & Alegre, L. (2001). Drought-induced senescence is characterized by a loss of antioxidant defences in chloroplasts. Plant Cell and Environment, 24(12), 1319-1327.

  • Ojuederie, O. B., Olanrewaju, O. S., & Babalola, O. O. (2019). Plant growth-promoting rhizobacterial mitigation of drought stress in crop plants: Implications for sustainable agriculture. Agronomy, 9(11), 712.

  • Orozco-Mosqueda, M. C., Duan, J., DiBernardo, M., Zetter, E., Campos-Garcia, J., Glick, B. R., & Santoyo, G. (2019). The production of ACC deaminase and trehalose by the plant growth-promoting bacterium Pseudomonas sp. UW4 synergistically protect tomato plants against salt stress. Frontiers in Microbiology, 10, 1392.

  • Pukmak, S., Somtrakoon, K., Saengdee, A., Chouychai, W., & Khompan, W. (2020, February 12). Effect of sodium chloride on indole -3-acetic acid production and phosphate solubilization of plant growth-promoting bacteria [Paper presentation]. Proceeding of the 6th Pibulsongkram Research 2020, Phitsanulok, Thailand.

  • Rivera-Araya, J., Huynh, N. D., Kaszuba, R., Chávez, R., Schlömann, M., & Levicán, G. (2020). Mechanisms of NaCl-tolerance in acidophilic iron-oxidizing bacteria and archaea: Comparative genomic predictions and insights. Hydrometallurgy, 194, 105334.

  • Shankar, V., & Evelin, H. (2019). Strategies for reclamation of saline soils. In B. Giri & A. Varma (Eds.), Microorganisms in saline environments: Strategies and functions (Vol. 56, pp. 439-449). Springer.

  • Sharif, P., Seyedsalehi, M., Paladino, O., Van Damme, P., Sillanpää, M., & Sharifi, A. A. (2018). Effect of drought and salinity stresses on morphological and physiological characteristics of canola. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 15, 1859–1866.

  • Somsri, A., & Pongwichian, P. (2015). Salt-affected soils and management in Thailand. Bulletin of the Society of Sea Water Science, Japan, 69(5), 319-325.

  • Somtrakoon, K., Sangdee, A., & Chouychai, W. (2019). Roles of plant growth-promoting bacteria on growth of ornamental plants grown in anthracene-spiked soil. Journal of Agricultural Research and Extension, 36(2), 11-21.

  • Somtrakoon, K., Sangdee, A., & Chouychai, W. (2021). Effect of Streptomyces sp. St1 on growth of and potential to stimulate anthracene removal by sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea) grown in anthracene-contaminated soil. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 43(3), 615-622.

  • Somtrakoon, K., Sangdee, A., & Chouychai, W. (2022). Maintaining growth of aquatic morning glory under drought condition by Paenibacillus sp. BSR1-1. Trends in Science. 19(5), 2884.

  • Warrad, M., Hassan, Y. M., Mohamed, M. S. M., Hagagy, N., Al-Maghrabi, O. A., Selim, S., Saleh, A. M., & AbdElgawad, H. (2020). A bioactive fraction from Streptomyces sp. enhances maize tolerance against drought stress. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 30(8), 1156-1168.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

Article ID


Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Recent Articles