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Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 47 (2) May. 2024 / JTAS-2898-2023


Vigna marina as a Potential Leguminous Cover Crop for High Salinity Soils

Ahmad Talha Mohamad Yunus, Sheng Bin Chiu and Amir Hamzah Ghazali

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 47, Issue 2, May 2024


Keywords: Coastal soil, leguminous cover crop, Mucuna bracteata, Pueraria javanica, saline soils, Vigna marina

Published on: 30 May 2024

The beach bean (Vigna marina) exhibits robust growth in habitats characterised by sandy substrates, limited nutrient availability, and elevated saline levels. The utilisation of V. marina, a potentially beneficial leguminous cover crop, allows for its cultivation in regions characterised by soil salinity, hence facilitating the alleviation of environmental stress and the promotion of nitrogen fixation within the soil. A study assessed the feasibility of V. marina as a leguminous cover crop, in which this legume was cultivated in both coastal and inland soils. Pueraria javanica and Mucuna bracteate, widely recognised as established leguminous cover crops, were used as the control in this experiment. The observations involved were total plant biomass, nitrogenase activity, and leaf chlorophyll content of the host plants. The experiment consisted of five replicates arranged in a randomised complete block design, respectively. The effects of commercialised rhizobial compost on the development of the leguminous plants planted in both plots were also investigated. The results indicated that V. marina flourished in coastal and inland soils with the highest leaf chlorophyll concentration throughout the eight weeks of growth. It showed that V. marina has the potential to outperform the other two established leguminous cover crops when planted in highly salinised soils. The results also showed evidence that V. marina was an excellent potential leguminous cover crop, especially for any agricultural plots of high salinity soils, compared to the other two well-established leguminous cover crops, P. javanica and M. bracteate.

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