e-ISSN 2231-8526
ISSN 0128-7680

Home / Regular Issue / JST Vol. 28 (3) Sep. 2020 / JSSH-3639-2018


Relationship between Alienation and Suicide Ideation among Malaysian Indian

Kok Jin Kuan, M Sultana Alam and Tan Soon Aun

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 28, Issue 3, September 2020

Keywords: Alienation, Malaysian Indians, normlessness, suicide, powerlessness

Published on: 25 September 2020

In response to the high rates of suicide instances among the people of Malaysian Indian ethnicity, a mixed-methods approach was employed to examine the relationship between alienation and suicide ideation among this segment of Malaysian society. A total of 234 Malaysian Indians aged 20 – 40 were recruited for this study. Dean’s alienation scale was used and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 participants. The qualitative data was thematically analysed and was used for explanatory purposes. A correlation analysis showed that powerlessness and normlessness had a significant positive correlation to suicide ideation. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis, however, showed that powerlessness appeared to be the strongest predictor in explaining suicide ideation, followed by age and income level. From a social perspective, the qualitative data revealed financial hardship and interpersonal comparison and from a cultural perspective; coping with pride, mental health and horoscope belief, contributed to a feeling of powerlessness. It is recommended that in future studies, researchers take into account the social and cultural dimensions when considering suicide prevention strategies.

ISSN 0128-7680

e-ISSN 2231-8526

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