e-ISSN 2231-8526
ISSN 0128-7680

Home / Regular Issue / JST Vol. 29 (4) Dec. 2021 / JSSH-8288-2021


The Partnership of Patriarchy and Capitalism in Cho Nam-joo’s Kim Jiyoung, Born 1982

Rui Feng and Rosli Talif

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 29, Issue 4, December 2021


Keywords: Capitalism, Cho Nam-joo, dual systems theory, Hartmann, Kim Jiyoung, Born 1982, patriarchy, socialist feminism, South Korean literature

Published on: 13 December 2021

Socialist feminism, which emerged in the 1970s, aims to solve female oppression and make a comprehensive and innovative understanding of gender, class, capitalism, and male domination. As the mainstay of the socialist feminist school, the ideas of Hartmann and Young make significant contributions to the development of the theory. Hartmann first proposed dual systems theory, and Young published her single system response shortly after. To a certain extent, Young’s new thinking and questioning of dual systems theory also supplement and go into some of the arguments by Hartmann that are not clear enough. Kim Jiyoung, Born 1982 is an English-translated novel written by contemporary South Korean writer and screenwriter Cho Nam-joo. The novel was translated into English by award-winning translator Jamie Chang in 2020. The plight of women highlighted in this novel caused widespread controversy in the international community, especially in East Asian countries. This article examines the oppression of women in Kim Jiyoung, Born 1982, by the long-term interaction between patriarchy and capitalism. This study adopts a research method combining theoretical interpretation and close reading of the text. It addresses the research gap by focusing on a new perspective on the causes of Cho’s female characters’ oppression through the dual systems theory by Hartmann.

  • Ahmed Lahsen, A., Piper, A., & Thiele, I.-A. (2020, October). Kim Jiyoung, Born 1982, and the labour market: Overeducation, gender, income and life satisfaction. Panel evidence from Korea [Working paper]. Freie Universität Berlin.

  • Cariappa, N. (2020). Through the Lens of Koreans: The Influence of Media on Perceptions of Feminism. [Master’s dissertation, The University of San Francisco]. Master’s Projects and Capstones.

  • Cho, N.-J. (2020). Kim Yiyoung, born 1982 (J. Chang, Trans.). Scribner. (Original work published in 2016).

  • Hartmann, H. (1976). Capitalism, patriarchy, and job segregation by sex. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 1(3), 137-169.

  • Hartmann, H. I. (1979). The unhappy marriage of Marxism and feminism: Towards a more Progressive Union. Capital & Class, 3(2), 1-33.

  • Hartmann, H. I., & Markusen, A. R. (1980). Contemporary Marxist theory and practice: A feminist critique. Review of Radical Political Economics, 12(2), 87-94.

  • Jaggar, A. M. (1983). Feminist politics and human nature. Rowman and Littlefield.

  • Mitchell, J. (1984). Women, the longest revolution. Pantheon Books.

  • Rahmah, S., Setiawati, E., Sukmawan, S., & Darihastining, S. (2020). Patriarchal opression in Kim Ji-Yeong, Born 1982 By Cho Nam Joo: A feminist literary study. KnE Social Sciences, 2020, 390-411.

  • Weedon, C. (1995). Feminist practice and poststructuralist theory. Blackwell.

  • Witt, M. A. (2014). South Korea: Plutocratic state-led capitalism reconfiguring. In M. A. Witt & G. Redding (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems (pp. 216-237). Oxford University Press.

  • Yoo, S. H., & Sobotka, T. (2018). Ultra-low fertility in South Korea: The role of the tempo effect. Demographic Research, 38, 549-576.

ISSN 0128-7680

e-ISSN 2231-8526

Article ID


Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Recent Articles