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Analytical and Numerical Investigations of Mechanical Vibration in the Vertical Direction of a Human Body in a Driving Vehicle using Biomechanical Vibration Model

Maher Al-Baghdadi, Muhsin Jaber Jweeg and Muhannad Al-Waily

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 29, Issue 4, October 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.29.4.30

Keywords: Apparent mass, biomechanical model, driving vehicle, human body vibration, mechanical response, model analysis

Published on: 29 October 2021

The main reason that affects the discomfort in a driving vehicle is the vibration response. The human body vibration leads to many malfunctions in both comfort and performance in human health. As a result, the human body’s simulation in sitting posture in the driving vehicle has a strategic relationship for all Tires and vehicles manufacturers. The digital process simulation of the human body seat vehicle vibration shows two significant advantages. The first advantage is the prevention of the high-cost modifications in the construction stage of the vehicle, while the second one describes the stability test during the undesirable vibrations. This study modelled the human body’s dynamic characterisations, natural frequency, and mechanical response when seated in the driving vehicle with vibration transmissibility in the vertical direction have been using the biomechanical vibration model. The vertical vibrations and the transmissibility of the human body dynamic response are presented in detail. Exciting results have been obtained, and they are significant for human health, which relates to sitting posture in the driving vehicle. It can assist in understanding the influences of low-frequency vibration on human health, comfort, and performance, and therefore it could be applied for ride comfort evaluation. An analytical solution to derive the general equations of motion for the human system was developed. Then, using the vibration analysis technique and the corresponding equations, the accurate dynamic response of the selected mode is identified. Furthermore, the mathematical modelling for free vibration using the finite element analysis has been performed to determine the appropriate values and set its description. Then, the comparison results of the two techniques have been carried out.

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ISSN 0128-7680

e-ISSN 2231-8526

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