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Real-Time Monitoring of Oil Temperature in Distribution Power Transformer by Using Internet of Things

Shafrida Sahrani, Nur Darina Ahmad, Ramizi Mohamed, Mohd Aizam Talib and Chaw Jun Kit

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 31, Issue 1, January 2023

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.31.1.01

Keywords: Data acquisition (DAQ) system, Internet of Things (IoT), LoRa technology, oil temperature indicator (OTI), power transformers, real-time monitoring

Published on: 3 January 2023

In Malaysia, on-site technical personnel manually inspect power transformers. Some vital condition indicators, such as oil and winding temperatures, are not monitored in real-time. This condition can be hazardous if the transformer gets overheated. Overheating can cause mechanical deformation and insulation degradation if not monitored regularly. Thus, an online monitoring system that meets industry standards is needed to enhance power transformer monitoring and troubleshooting. In this research, the Internet of Things (IoT) based data acquisition (DAQ) system was deployed for real-time oil temperature monitoring and inspection to detect incipient faults in power transformers early. This IoT-based DAQ system was connected to the substation remote terminal unit (RTU) to update real-time data on each power transformer. The long-range (LoRa) technology is proposed for the system to transmit temperature, current, and voltage from the power transformers. The data transmission from the oil temperature indicator (OTI), network server, and database was monitored and compared. It is observed that the temperature data was transferred from the network server to the database without any transmission delay. The average deviation from the two experiments was 0.006 and 0.003, respectively, compared to the manual reading from the OTI scale meter with a digital reading by the proposed DAQ system. For testing purposes, the alert module in this system would notify technical personnel if the temperature exceeded +40°C in the power transformers. The proposed system can be used to assist with the upgrade and maintenance of the existing power transformer.

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ISSN 0128-7680

e-ISSN 2231-8526

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