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A Comparison of the Performance of MAPbI3 and MASnI3 as an Inverted Perovskite Structure Using NiO as HTL Through Numerical GPVDM Simulation

Subathra Muniandy, Muhammad Idzdihar Idris, Zul Atfyi Fauzan Mohammed Napiah, Zarina Baharudin Zamani, Marzaini Rashid and Luke Bradley

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 31, Issue 5, August 2023

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.31.5.22

Keywords: GPVDM software, MAPbI3, MASnI3, nickel oxide, perovskite solar cells

Published on: 31 July 2023

Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are solar cells that have intriguing characteristics such as environmental friendliness and the capability for high power conversion efficiency, which have attracted study from both scientific investigation and analytical standpoints. However, lead toxicity has become a significant barrier to the widespread use of PSCs. Due to the serious environmental implications of lead, an environmentally compatible perovskite is required. Tin-based perovskite has a considerable impact, showing that it is a good hole extraction material with good mobility and low effective mass. In this study, we explore the impacts of perovskite and hole transporting layer (HTL) thickness, and intensity of light limitations, in inverted PSCs based on the structure of FTO/NiO/MAPbI3 /ZnO/Ag and FTO/NiO/MASnI3 /ZnO/Ag incorporating GPVDM (General-purpose Photovoltaic Device Model) to evaluate if MASnI3 is a viable substitute to MAPbI3. From the simulation results, the optimized parameters obtained for PCSs under 1 sun incorporating MASnI3 were 27.97%, 0.88 a.u., 0.92 V, and 34.45 mA/cm2. Instead, the optimized parameters obtained for PCSs incorporating MAPbI3 were 24.94%, 0.88 a.u., 0.90 V, and 31.03 mA/cm2. The thickness of the film of both PSC architectures was optimized to provide the best suitable result. The findings show that MASnI3 is employed as a promising perovskite layer in PSCs instead of MAPbI3.

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