e-ISSN 2231-8526
ISSN 0128-7680

Home / Regular Issue / JST Vol. 23 (2) Sep. 2000 / JTAS-0203-2000


Effects of Spice Dust on Lung Functions and Respiratory Symptoms in Spice Factory Workers in Selangor

Hamdan Noor, Wahidah Sansi, Zolkepli Othman and Faridah Mohamad

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 23, Issue 2, September 2000

Keywords: fine dust (PM10), lung function, vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC)

Published on:

Exposure to spice dust has long been associated with increased prevalence of respiratory symptoms and reduced lung function in man. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of such exposure on the workersi lung function and respiratory symptoms in three spice-processing factories in Selangor. Spirometry measurements (VC,vital capacity; FVC, forced vital capacity; FEV, forced expiratory volume in 1 second) were performed on 56 workers (39 males, 17 females) who were occupationally exposed to 2496µg/m3 respirable fine dust, PM10. The subjects also completed a set of standard respiratory questionnaires (modified ATS questionnaires). 61 persons from Universiti Putra Malaysia (36 males, 25 females) served as controls. The PM10 measurement in UPM was only 101µg/m3 Significant differences in VC, FVC and FEV1 were observed between the two groups for both the male and the female. In addition to the decrease in spirometric values, the workers also reported higher prevalence of respiratory symptoms compared to controls. Therefore, the study suggests that exposure to spice dust in the spice factories leads to an increased prevalence of respiratory symptoms and impaired lung function.

ISSN 0128-7680

e-ISSN 2231-8526

Article ID


Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Recent Articles