e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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Phytochemical Compositions and Antioxidant Activities of Malaysian Stingless Bee Honey

Bernard Maringgal, Norhashila Hashim, Intan Syafinaz Mohamed Amin Tawakkal, Mahmud Tengku Muda Mohamed and Nur Indah Abdul Shukor

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 27, Issue S1, December 2019

Keywords: Kelulut honey, stingless bee honey, trigona spp, total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, antioxidant

Published on: 21 June 2019

The current study investigates the phytochemical composition of Malaysian stingless bee honey (Kelulut honey-KH), which consists of total phenolic (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC), and antioxidant activity. The honey was collected from five different regions in Malaysia i.e. south, central, eastern, northern and east coast regions. TPC and TFC were quantified by using Folin-Ciocalteu and the aluminum chloride colorimetric techniques, respectively. The antioxidant activity was investigated using two methods: 1) 1,1-diphenyl- 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay; 2) ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay (FRAP). The findings indicated that there were significant differences in phytochemical compositions and antioxidant activities of KH between different regions. This implies that geographical location, as well as cultivation and treatment processes, have significant effects on the KH quality.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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