e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 19 (2&3) Dec. 1996 / JTAS-0120-1996


Antiviral and Cytotoxic Activities of Some Plants Used in Malaysian Indigenous Medicine

Abdul Manaf Ali, Muhammad Mukram Mackeen, Saleh H. Ei-Sharkawy, Junainah A. Hamid, Nor Hadiani Ismail, Faujan B. H. Ahmad And Nordin H.

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 19, Issue 2&3, December 1996

Keywords: antiviral activity, cytotoxicity, HeLa cell, herpes simplex virus type-1, plant extracts, vesicular stomatitis virus

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Ethanolic extracts of 61 medicinal plants used in Malaysia were screened for antiviral and cytotoxic activities. Antiviral activity was tested against the herpes simplex type-1 (HSV-1) and vesicular stomatitis (VSV) viruses, and cytotoxicity was assayed using the HeLa cell line. Antiviral activity against both viruses was present in theextracts from Calotropis gigantea, Costus speciosus, Eugenia michelii, Hedyotis auricularia, Mentha arvensis, Orthosiphon aristatus, Polygonum minus and Ricinus communis (MIC: 0.002-0.1 mg/ml). The extracts from Alternanthera sessilis, Blumea chinensis, Eleusine indica, Euphorbia hirta, Freycinetia malaccensis, Leea indica and Solanum americanum were active in selectively inhibiting HSV-1 (0.001-0.1 mg/ml). Selective activity against VSV was shown by the extracts from Acalypha indica, Bertholletia excelsa, Cerbera manghas, Codiaeum variegatum, Plectranthus amboinicus, Centella asiatica, Mirabilis jalapa, Morinda elliptica, Oenanthe javanica, Piper sarmentosum and Premna odorata (MIC: 0.005-0.1 mg I ml). Cytotoxic activity was present in the extracts from Acalypha indica, Andrographis paniculata, Cerbera manghas, Codiaeum variegatum, Cosmos caudatus, Elephantopus scaber, Etlingera elatior, E ugenia michelii, Freycinetia malaccensis, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Centella asiatica, Lecythis ollaria, Mentha arvensis, Mirabilis jalapa, Morinda elliptica, Ocimum tenuiflorum, Piper sarmentosum and Polygonum minus (CD50: 0.001-0.1 mg I ml) .Co-existing antiviraland cytotoxic activities were shown by Eugenia michelii Mentha arvensis and Polygonum minus

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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