e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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Somatic Embryogenesis from Scutellar Embryo of Oryza sativa L. var. MR219

Syaiful Bahri Panjaitan, Siti Nor Akmar Abdullah, Maheran Abdul Aziz, Sariah Meon and Othman Omar

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 32, Issue 2, August 2009

Keywords: Rice (Oryza sativa L.) var. MR219, 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, a-Naphthalenacetic acid, 6-Benzylaminopurine

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Somatic embryogenesis is an efficient plant regeneration system and it is a potentially useful tool for genetic transformation. An experiment was carried out on somatic embryogenesis from scutellar embryo of rice var. MR219. High intensity of callus formation (100%) was initiated through culturing the scutellar embryo on modified MS medium, with the macro nutrients reduced to half-strength and supplemented with different 2,4-D concentrations (1, 2, 4 and 6 mgL-1). Meanwhile, the highest percentage of embryogenic callus formation (80%) was obtained on the modified MS medium containing 4 mgL-1 2, 4-D. The calli produced were yellowish and friable with nodular structures on the surface. Rounded cells with highly dense cytoplasm were also observed under an inverted microscope and their viability was confirmed based on the apple green fluorescence staining in the fluorescein diacetate (FDA) solution. High mean number of somatic embryos was also produced in this treatment, at 85 somatic embryos per explant. Upon transferring the somatic embryos onto the modified MS medium with 2 mgL-1 BAP and 0.05 mgL-1 NAA for germination, 82.5% of the somatic embryos were germinated into the seedlings.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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