e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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Effect of Dactylaria higginsii on Purple Nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus) Interference with Pepper (Capsicum annuum L)

B. Kadir, R. Charudattan, W.M. Stall and T.A. Bewick

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 23, Issue 2, September 2000

Keywords: Dactylaria higginsii, purple nutsedge, weed interference, bioherbicide, yield loss, crop loss

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Greenhouse studies were conducted to evaluate the effect of the fungal pathogen, Dactylaria higginsii, on purple nutsedge interference with 'Capistrano' pepper (Capsicum annuum). Purple nutsedge plants established from tubers were planted at initial densities of 40, 80,160, and 320 plants m2 with pepper in 35-cm diam pots with a commercial potting medium, under nonlimiting fertilization and irrigation conditions. Three to four-leaf-stage purple nutsedge and four-leaf-stage pepper plants were inoculated by spraying D. higginsii in 0.5% Metamucil, a carrier; the treatments were carrier only, 104 conidia ml1 + carrier, or 106 conidia conidia ml1 + carrier. Purple nutsedge at all tuber densities significantly reduced pepper yield in the absence of D. higginsii. Percentage yield loss of pepper was greater in treatment with 106 conidia ml1. However, percentage yield loss of pepper was negligible in treatments with D. higginsii at 106 conidia ml1 when compared to the non-weedy control. The disease progress rate was significantly faster in treatments with 106 conidia ml1 (rG = 0.113 - 0.123) compared to 106 conidia ml1 (rG - 0.049 - 0.050). At l106 conidia ml1, D. higginsii reduced nutsedge interference, provided greater nutsedge control, and increase pepper yield compared to weedy checks.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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