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Efficacy of Anti-termite Extracts from Four Saharan Plants against the Harvester Termite, Anacanthotermes ochraceus

Khayra Mahmoudi, Abdelkrim Cheriti, Noureddine Boulenouar, Younes Bourmita and Mohamed Didi Ould El Hadj

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 44, Issue 4, November 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjtas.44.4.09

Keywords: Anacanthotermes ochraceus, direct contact application, repellent test, Saharan plants

Published on: 2 November 2021

This study aimed to examine the anti-termite potential of four Saharan plant extracts, namely, the apple of Sodom or rubber bush, Calotropis procera; pergularia, Pergularia tomentosa; jimsonweed, Datura stramonium, and Egyptian henbane, Hyoscyamus muticus from Bechar (southwest of Algeria) on workers of the harvester termite, Anacanthotermes ochraceus (Isoptera: Hodotermitidae). A direct contact application test was conducted with five fractions from aqueous extracts of each part of plant species (leaves, stems) using hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, butanol, and exhausted fraction. A repellent test was realized with aqueous extracts (10%) of plant species leaves and stems. According to the direct contact application test, all tested plants fractions showed termiticidal activities with different degrees. Butanolic fractions presented the best effects from leaves of C. procera and P. tomentosa with median lethal time (LT50) = 231.03 and 244.96 min, respectively. In the second test, wood samples were exposed to termite attack for four weeks, and the weight loss percentage was determined. The weight loss ranged from 0.034 to 16.90% at concentrations of 10% of plant extracts. The best repellent effect was obtained from leaves of C. procera (weight loss = 0.034%) and leaves of D. stramonium (weight loss = 1.29%). It was concluded that some Saharan plants are a good source of anti-termite compounds, especially C. procera.

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