Home / Regular Issue / JSSH Vol. 31 (4) Dec. 2023 / JSSH-8900-2023


Semantic Extensions of Hausa Visual and Auditory Perception Verbs gani and ji in Romance Fiction

Mohammed Sani Ya'u, Sabariah Md Rashid, Afida Mohamad Ali and Hardev Kaur Jujar Singh

Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities, Volume 31, Issue 4, December 2023

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjssh.31.4.06

Keywords: Metaphor, perception verbs, prototypical meaning, semantic extension, trans-field

Published on: 13 December 2023

This study focuses on the metaphorical semantic extension of Hausa visual and auditory perception verbs as portrayed in romance fiction. Hausa language, just like any other language, provides a window into how speakers use language to make sense of the world around them. The study examines how language users attribute abstract concepts, such as thinking and understanding, to sensory experiences of seeing and hearing, drawing on the conceptual metaphor theory. The study analysed a corpus of Hausa romance fiction, focusing on the use of perception verbs and the metaphorical extensions they evoke. A qualitative research approach was employed, and literary texts were selected as the primary data source. The text data were extracted using the AntConc programme, and such data were then analysed using a cognitive semantics analytical framework. The study’s findings indicated that verbs of higher intellect, such as “understand” and “think”, are derived from hearing and vision, respectively. These metaphorical extensions are closely related to cultural beliefs and norms, emphasising the importance of visual and auditory cues in human relationships. This article provides insights into how language and culture intersect in using perception verbs in Hausa romance fiction texts and demonstrates the importance of understanding metaphorical extensions in studying language and culture.

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