Home / Regular Issue / JST Vol. 29 (4) Oct. 2021 / JST-2351-2020


A Combined Analytical Method for Intelligent Control of Friction Damped Structures

Kamyar Gharra, Karen Khanlari and Jafar Asgari Marnani

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 29, Issue 4, October 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.29.4.05

Keywords: Analytical modelling, control system, damped friction structure, multi-degree of freedom

Published on: 29 October 2021

Controlling structures and increasing the prognosis of their behaviour before natural disasters are the most critical issues in structural engineering. To that end, predicting the destructive effects of earthquakes on both acceleration and displacement of structures would be beneficial. This paper suggests an intelligent control system that realises simultaneous control of acceleration and displacement parameters. There are two modules in the system. First, the preserving module aims to estimate the crisis thresholds of acceleration and displacement based on the historical seismic data of each area. Second, the processing module finds the optimum value of the slip load of the friction damper so that both acceleration and displacement are controlled. We introduce an analytical method based on a matrix analysis approach and heuristic algorithm (MAHA) as a core of the processing module. MAHA would analyse the structure response, and the friction damper would determine the optimum slip load. The numerical and software simulation results for various one-bay and two-bay steel structures show that the proposed intelligent control system applies to multiple frictions damped structures under different earthquake records. In addition, a control level of 80% in acceleration and displacement of structures is achieved compared to an uncontrolled state. Moreover, the mentioned system enables the engineers to find appropriate friction dampers during the design of structures.

  • Apostolakis, G., & Dargush, G. (2010). Optimal seismic design of moment-resisting steel frames with hysteretic passive devices. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 39(4), 355-376. https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.944

  • Bhaskararao, R., & Jangid, S. (2006). Seismic analysis of structures connected with friction dampers. Journal of Engineering Structures, 28(5), 690-703. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2005.09.020

  • Domenico, D., Ricciardi, G., & Zhang, R. (2020). Recent aadvances in the design of structures with passive energy dissipation systems. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10082819

  • Fallah, N., & Honarparst, S. (2013). NSGA-II based multi objective optimization in design of pall friction dampers. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 89, 75-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2013.06.008

  • Fateh, A., Hejazi, F., Ramanathan, R., & Jaffar, S. (2016). Seismic response of a light rail transit station equipped with braced viscous damper. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 24(2), 273-283.

  • Feliciano, C. (2015). Design optimization for plane structures equipped with friction dampers. Institute Superior Tecnico, Lisboa, Portugal, 1-10.

  • Kim, J., & An, S. (2016). Optimal distribution of friction dampers for seismic retrofit of a reinforced concrete moment frame. Advances in Structural Engineering, 20(10), 1523-1539. https://doi.org/10.1177/1369433216683197

  • Lee, H., Park, H., Lee, K., & Min, K. W. (2008). Allocation and slip load of friction dampers for a seismically excited building structure based on story shear force distribution. Engineering Structures, 30(4), 930-940. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2007.03.020

  • Lee, S., Park, J., Moon, B., & Min, K. (2008). Design of bracing-friction damper system for seismic retrofitting. Smart Structures and Systems, 4(5), 685-696. https://doi.org/10.12989/sss.2008.4.5.685

  • Logan, D. (2007). A first course in the finite element method. Nelson Publishing.

  • Lopez, S., & Miguel, L. (2015). A firefly algorithm for the design of force and placement of friction dampers for control of man-induced vibrations in footbridges. Journal of Optimization and Engineering, 16(3), 633-661. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11081-014-9269-3

  • Majd, A., Damerji, H., Hallal, J., & Fakih, M. (2019). Effectiveness of friction dampers on the seismic behavior of high rise building vs shear wall system. Engineering Reports, 1(5), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1002/eng2.12075

  • Miguel, F., & Lopez, R. (2018). Methodology for the simultaneous optimization of location and parameters of friction dampers in the frequency domain. Engineering optimization, Tailor and Francis Journal, 50(12), 2108-2122. https://doi.org/10.1080/0305215X.2018.1428318

  • Miguel, F., & Pérez, S. (2017). Optimization of location and forces of friction dampers. REM International Engineering Journal, 70(3), 273-279. https://doi.org/10.1590/0370-44672015700065

  • Nizic, A., & Mestrovic, D. (2011). Seismic dampers in engineering structures. Journal of the Croatian Association of Civil Engineering, 63(7), 661-667.

  • Palacios, F., Masswgu, J., Rossel, M., & Karimi, H. (2020). Distributed passive actuation schemes for seismic protection of multibuilding systems. Journal of Applied Science, 10(7), 1-30. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10072383

  • Pall, S. (1996, June 23-26). Friction-dampers for seismic control of buildings a Canadian experience. In Proceeding of the World Conference on Earthquake Engineering (pp. 1-8). Montreal, Canada.

  • Pasquin, C. (2004, August 1-6). Friction dampers for seismic rehabilitation of eaton’s building. In Proceeding of the World Conference on Earthquake Engineering (pp. 1-10). Vancouver, Canada.

  • Perez, S., & Miguel, L. (2017a). A new assessment in the simultaneous optimization of friction dampers in plane and spatial civil structures. Journal of Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2017, Article 6040986. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6040986

  • Perez, S., & Miguela, F. (2017b). Robust simultaneous optimization of friction damper for the passive vibration control in a Colombian building. Journal of Procedia Engineering, 199, 1743-1748. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.09.430

  • Rashidi, H., Khanlari, K., Zarfam, P., & Ashtiany, M. G. (2020). A novel approach of active control of structures based on the critically damped condition. Journal of Vibration and Control, 0(0), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077546320944300

  • Sanghai, S., & Pawade, P. (2020). Effectiveness of friction dampers on seismic response of structure considering soil-structure interaction. Journal of the Croatian Association of Civil Engineering, 72(1), 33-44. https://doi.org/10.14256/JCE.1982.2017

  • Sanghai, S., & Pawade, P. (2021). Optimal placement of friction dampers in building using considering nonlinearity of soil.  Springer Journal of Innovative Infrastructure Solutions, 6(28), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41062-020-00395-8

  • Shaw, S. (1986). On the dynamic response of a system with dry friction. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 108(2), 305-325. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-460X(86)80058-X

ISSN 0128-7680

e-ISSN 2231-8526

Article ID


Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Recent Articles