Home / Regular Issue / JST Vol. 29 (2) Apr. 2021 / JST-2390-2020

 

Potential Groundwater Exploration in Use of 2-D Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) Techniques at the Department of Agriculture Kelantan Research and Developmental Platform Padang Raja Kelantan

Wan Fazilah Fazlil Ilahi, Nur Hidayu Abu Hassan, Mohd Razi Ismail, Nik Norasma Che’Ya, Zulkarami Berahim, Mohamad Husni Omar, Nurul Idayu Zakaria and Mohamed Azwan Mohamed Zawawi

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 29, Issue 2, April 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.29.2.28

Published: 30 April 2021

2-D electrical resistivity has been a proper investigation survey for determination of subsurface geophysical in describing the complex features geology profile. In this study, an electrical resistivity survey was conducted at paddy cultivation area located in Melor, Kelantan, Malaysia. Since the end plot of paddy field experiences water scarcity especially during dry season, there is a need to find other alternative water source. The study was conducted on 1st and 2nd February 2020 to identify zone area of groundwater for Melor, Kelantan. Four resistivity lines using Induced Polarization (IP) and 2-D Electrical Resistivity Imaging Technique were conducted using a set of ABEM Terrameter SAS4000. Short resistivity survey was applied to gained detail of subsurface formation near the ground, while the longer resistivity survey was applied to obtain deeper subsurface delineation. Measured data obtained was analyzed using RES2DINV software and result of contrast resistivity values was used to determine the geological structures, while the chargeability values were analyzed accordingly to determine area of expected potential groundwater zone. Results from the resistivity profiles show a range values of 0 Ωm to 50,000 Ωm with total maximum acquired depth of 65.6 m below ground surface. The chargeability profiles show a range values of 0 msec to 500 msec, that shows potential of groundwater zone area lies at 0 to 4 msec. It was found that at a depth of 60 to 75 m, 30 m from center of Profile B was suitable for a production well which was expected to be a potential area for groundwater zone.

  • Azizan, F. A., Aznan, A. A., Ruslan, R., Nazari, M., & Jaafar, M. N. (2018). Groundwater assessment using geophysical survey at Insat, Perlis, Malaysia. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 429, No. 1). Institute of Physics Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/429/1/012026

  • Drahor, M. G., Göktürkler, G., Berge, M. A., & Kurtulmuş, T. Ö. (2006). Application of electrical resistivity tomography technique for investigation of landslides: A case from Turkey. Environmental Geology, 50(2), 147-155. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-006-0194-4

  • Google Maps. (2021). Google Maps directions in Melor, Kelantan. Retrieved February 10, 2021, from https://www.google.com.my/maps/place/Kelantan

  • Hazreek, Z. A. M., Raqib, A. G. A., Aziman, M., Azhar, A. T. S., Khaidir, A. T. M., Fairus, Y. M., Rosli, S., Fakhrurrazi, I. M., & Izzaty, R. A. (2017). Preliminary Groundwater Assessment using Electrical Method at Quaternary Deposits Area. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 226, No. 1). IOP Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/226/1/012042

  • Hussin, N. H., Yusoff, I., & Raksmey, M. (2020). Comparison of applications to evaluate groundwater recharge at lower Kelantan River Basin, Malaysia. Geosciences, 10(8), Article 289. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10080289

  • Hutchison, C. S., & Tan, D. N. K. (Eds.). (2009). Geology of peninsular Malaysia. Published jointly by the University of Malaya and the Geological Society of Malaysia.

  • Jeyaruba, T., & Thushyanthy, M. (2009). The effect of agriculture on quality of groundwater: A case study. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 4(2), 110-114.

  • Juanah, M. S., Ibrahim, S., Sulaiman, W. N. A., & Latif, P. A. (2013). Groundwater resources assessment using integrated geophysical techniques in the southwestern region of Peninsular Malaysia. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 6(11), 4129-4144. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-012-0700-9

  • Kim, M. I., Kim, J. S., Kim, N. W., & Jeong, G. C. (2011). Surface geophysical investigations of landslide at the Wiri area in Southeastern Korea. Environmental Earth Sciences, 63(5), 999-1009. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-010-0776-z

  • Mohtar, Z. A., Yahaya, A. S., Ahmad, F., Suri, S., & Halim, M. H. (2014). Trends for daily rainfall in northern and southern region of peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Civil Engineering Research, 4(3A), 222-227.

  • Osazuwa, I. B., & Chii, E. C. (2010). Two-dimensional electrical resistivity survey around the periphery of an artificial lake in the Precambrian basement complex of northern Nigeria. International Journal of Physical Sciences, 5(3), 238-245.

  • Pour, A. B., & Hashim, M. (2017). Application of Landsat-8 and ALOS-2 data for structural and landslide hazard mapping in Kelantan, Malaysia. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 17(7), 1285-1303. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-17-1285-2017

  • Rahmawati, D. R., Supriyadi, A. N., & Naufal, M. A. (2018). Groundwater potential prediction by using geoelectricity method a case study in Simpang Lima and around it. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 983). IOP Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/983/1/012003

  • Riwayat, A. I., Nazri, M. A. A., & Abidin, M. H. Z. (2018). Application of electrical resistivity method (ERM) in groundwater exploration. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 995, No. 1, p. 012094). IOP Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/995/1/012094

  • Stauffer, P. H. (1973). Kenny hill formation. In D. J. Gobbett, & C. S. Hutchison (Eds.), Geo1ogy of the Malay Peninsula (pp. 87-91). Wiley.

  • Suratman, S. (1997). Groundwater protection in Kelantan. Warta Geologi, 23(6), 351.

  • Vandermaesen, J., Horemans, B., Bers, K., Vandermeeren, P., Herrmann, S., Sekhar, A., Seuntjens, P., & Springael, D. (2016). Application of biodegradation in mitigating and remediating pesticide contamination of freshwater resources: state of the art and challenges for optimization. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 100(17), 7361-7376. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-016-7709-z

  • Zakaria, A. S. (1972). Morphometry of part of Kelantan River catchmen. Sains Malaysiana, 1(1), 59-76.

ISSN 0128-7702

e-ISSN 2231-8534

Article ID

JST-2390-2020

Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Related Articles