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Image Classification for Edge-Cloud Setting: A Comparison Study for OCR Application

Kenneth Kean Hoong Tan, Yee Wan Wong and Hermawan Nugroho

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 30, Issue 2, April 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.30.2.17

Keywords: Artificial neural networks, convolutional neural networks, edge computing, image classification, support vector machines

Published on: 1 April 2022

The increasing number of smart devices has led to a rise in the complexity and volume of the image generated. Deep learning is an increasingly common approach for image classification, a fundamental task in many applications. Due to its high computational requirements, implementation in edge devices becomes challenging. Cloud computing serves as an enabler, allowing devices with limited resources to perform deep learning. For cloud computing, however, latency is an issue and is undesirable. Edge computing addresses the issue by redistributing data and tasks closer to the edge. Still, a suitable offloading strategy is required to ensure optimal performance with methods such as LeNet-5, OAHR, and Autoencoder (ANC) as feature extractors paired with different classifiers (such as artificial neural network (ANN) and support vector machine (SVM)). In this study, models are evaluated using a dataset representing Optical Character Recognition (OCR) task. The OCR application has recently been used in many task-offloading studies. The evaluation is based on the time performance and scoring criteria. In terms of time performance, a fully connected ANN using features from the ANC is faster by a factor of over 60 times compared to the fastest performing SVM. Moreover, scoring performance shows that the SVM is less prone to overfit in the case of a noisy or imbalanced dataset in comparison with ANN. So, adopting SVM in which the data distribution is unspecified will be wiser as there is a lower tendency to overfit. The training and inference time, however, are generally higher than ANN.

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ISSN 0128-7680

e-ISSN 2231-8526

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